Recent advancements in cochlear implants

Dr Dillon D’souza, a Consultant ENT and Head and Neck surgeon attached to Jaslok hospital, Breach Candy Hospital and Desa’s Hospital, shares how the cochlear implants work and what recent technical advancements it has made in the recent times

Recent advancements in cochlear implantsWhat is a cochlear implant? A cochlear implant is an electronic device that takes over the work of the human ear and converts sounds to electrical signals that the brain understands as sounds. It delivers them to the brain via hearing nerve after fine-tuning the sound much like a graphic equaliser on a music system, […]

General anesthetic may harm brain development in children

The study firms up earlier conclusions that significant exposure to general anesthetics during development negatively impacts the growing brain. Because of the wide-ranging implications of the study, more research will no doubt follow hot on its heels

General anesthetic may harm brain development in childrenBut over recent years, some concerns have been raised regarding this. So much so that in April 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) warned of potential risks to developing brains. They write that “repeated or lengthy use of general anesthetic and sedation drugs […] in children younger than 3 years or in pregnant […]

Differences in brain structure a key factor in autism

From a statistical analysis, having a brain that was anatomically more male-like was linked to a higher probability of ASD than having a brain that was anatomically more female-like

Differences in brain structure a key factor in autismA new study finds that in addition to autism being more common in males than females, differences in brain structure can also be a factor, regardless of biological sex. It suggests that having a brain with features more commonly found in male brains is linked to higher probability of having autism spectrum disorder. First author […]

Wearing neck ties can reduce brain function, finds study

Ties are something of a standard office-wear for men, from call centers to investment banks. But a new study warns the accessory could be hampering their work performance by compressing veins that are key for blood flow to the brain

Wearing neck ties can reduce brain function, finds studyLatest research has shown that wearing a neck tie isn’t such a good idea after all! Researchers have noted that constricting neckwear such as neckties can cause reduced blood flow to the brain and thus it can reduce the proper functioning of the brain. The latest study results appear in the journal Neuroradiology.  These type […]

Heavy alcohol consumption tied to higher dementia risk

Alcohol use disorders are the most important preventable risk factors for the onset of all types of dementia, especially early-onset dementia. This is according to an observational study of over one million adults diagnosed with dementia in France

Heavy alcohol consumption tied to higher dementia riskHeavy drinkers may be more likely than other adults to develop dementia, especially in middle age, a French study suggests. For the study, researchers examined data from 2008-2013 on more than 31 million French hospital patients, including more than 1 million who were diagnosed with dementia. About 5% of the dementia patients had so-called early […]

Maintaining healthy vision can help elders stay mentally sharp

Waning eyesight may hasten the pace of cognitive decline in older people, suggests a U.S. study

Maintaining healthy vision can help elders stay mentally sharpThe results suggest that vision fixes, like a new eyeglass prescription or surgery to remove cataracts, can go a long way toward helping older people stay mentally sharp, said lead author D. Diane Zheng of the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine. “Taking care of your vision is important in order to maintain good […]

Leg exercises are crucial to maintain healthy brain and nervous system

In a new take on the exercise truism ‘use it, or lose it,’ researchers show neurological health is an interactive relationship with our muscles and our world. Groundbreaking research shows that neurological health depends as much on signals sent by the body's large, leg muscles to the brain as it does on directives from the brain to the muscles

Leg exercises are crucial to maintain healthy brain and nervous systemPublished today in Frontiers in Neuroscience, the study fundamentally alters brain and nervous system medicine – giving doctors new clues as to why patients with motor neuron disease, multiple sclerosis, spinal muscular atrophy and other neurological diseases often rapidly decline when their movement becomes limited. “Our study supports the notion that people who are unable […]

Baby teeth could offer clues to detect autism and its causes

Scientists have created a new test which can identify whether a child has autism by looking at their baby teeth. The paper is centred around how children metabolize metals, which are critical to neurodevelopment in early life. An imbalance in this process has previously been linked with autism spectrum disorder (ASD)

Baby teeth could offer clues to detect autism and its causesA close examination of baby teeth is giving new insight into the roots of autism-and ways to spot it early. The research suggests that the way infants metabolise two nutrients-zinc and copper-may predict who will develop the condition. “We have identified cycles in nutrient metabolism that are apparently critical to healthy neurodevelopment, and are dysregulated […]

Facts about human brain, behaviour and self-esteem that you didn’t know

Every bizarre neurological syndrome, every visual illusion, and every clever psychological experiment reveals something entirely unexpected about our experience of the world that we take for granted

Facts about human brain, behaviour and self-esteem that you didn’t knowThere are hundreds of surprising, perspective-shifting insights about the nature of reality that come from neuroscience. Every bizarre neurological syndrome, every visual illusion, and every clever psychological experiment reveals something entirely unexpected about our experience of the world that we take for granted. Here are a few to give a flavour: Perceptual reality is entirely […]

Depression speeds up brain aging, reveal researchers

Depression is associated with accelerated brain aging, according to a new study by psychologists at the University of Sussex in England

Depression speeds up brain aging, reveal researchersPsychologists at the University of Sussex have found a link between depression and an acceleration of the rate at which the brain ages. Although scientists have previously reported that people with depression or anxiety have an increased risk of dementia in later life, this is the first study that provides comprehensive evidence for the effect […]
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