What is tennis elbow and how to treat it?

Tennis elbow is an inflammation of the tendons that join the forearm muscles on the outside of the elbow. ‘Tennis elbow’ is a common term for a condition caused by overuse of arm, forearm, and hand muscles those results in elbow pain

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Image courtesy: shoulderelbow.org

Symptoms: The symptoms of tennis elbow develop gradually. In most cases, the pain begins as mild and slowly worsens over weeks and months. There may or may not be specific injury associated with the start of symptoms.

Due to tennis elbow person may feel pain or burning on outer part of the elbow. The grip may become weak.

When person stretches the arm with straight elbow, person may feel pain on the outer side of elbow.

Treatment: Approximately 80% to 95% of patients have success with nonsurgical treatment.

Rest: The first step toward recovery is to give your arm proper rest.

Ice therapy: It reduces the inflammation and gives pain relief. Icing should be done for three to five minutes in a proper manner. Icing can be done two to three times in a day.

Physiotherapy treatment: Ultrasound Therapy /IFT: It helps to reduce the pain to a great extent .After 60 to 70 % pain relief, specific exercises should be done, which helps in strengthening the forearm muscles.

Usage of crape bandage: Crape bandage tied around the elbow in the figure of 8 manner gives support and comfort while doing daily activities.

Trigger point release: This technique reduces the pain while doing activity and a person is able to resume his routine work with in a span of approximately two to three weeks

Recurrence of the tennis elbow pain can be avoided by doing strengthening exercises regularly.