World Hypertension Day: Over 2.67 crore Indians suffering from hypertension

Change in lifestyle, unbalanced sleeping pattern, smoking, and liquor habits are the main contributory factors for hypertension. In Maharashtra, more than 6.60 lakh people are suffering from hypertension

World Hypertension Day: Over 2.67 crore Indians suffering from hypertension
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  • As per the Maharashtra Health services, in 2017-18, more than 6.60 lakh people have been diagnosed with suffering from hypertension
  • While Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation’s (BMC) recently conducted survey shows that in Mumbai over one lakh people are suffering from high blood pressure.
  • In India, the figure has reached to an alarming number of 26.78 crores.

India is witnessing an alarming rise in the number of hypertension cases over the past few years. This lifestyle disease, which used to occur in one’s mid-forties, has now been affecting patients in their thirties. Day after day the cases of hypertension are steadily increasing.

The Maharashtra government, under the National Non-Communicable Disease (NCD) programme, had conducted a survey in 17 districts, and the figures show a shocking trend in the hypertensive population. Maharashtra has recorded a whopping 6.60 lakh people suffering from hypertension.

Many times, the patients cannot identify the symptoms of the high blood pressure. As a person cannot spot its symptoms in their every day to day.

In Mumbai, in the year 2011-12, as many as 25,518 patients had sought hypertension treatment in the state and civic-run hospitals

In 2014-15, the figure increased to 37,670 and in the year 2017-18, over 1 lakh people sought treatment for hypertension

Dr Balu Mote, head of the non-communicable disease programme, Maharashtra Health Services, while speaking to My Medical Mantra said, “We have tested around 2 crore people in the 17 districts in Maharashtra. In which, we were shocked as we realised that more than 6.60 lakh people are suffering from hypertension. In the current year, we are implementing this programme in all the 35 districts.”

Dr Balaji Ironi, head of the heart surgery department of the Mumbai’s civic-run KEM hospital, explained the causes of hypertension.

Causes of hypertension

  • Mental stress
  • Obesity
  • Diet
  • Headache
  • Lack of sleep
  • Tobacco consumption
  • Long hours of sedentary work

While speaking to My Medical Mantra, said a heart specialist from Thane, Dr Vijay Surase, “Nowadays people are doing more work which puts stress on the brain and less physical work. Hypertension is increasing amongst the urban population. High blood pressure is contributing to an extra pressure build-up on the heart. This increases the risk of developing heart ailments in your thirties. People should increase the protein intake in their diet and 45 minutes of exercise daily is a must.”

People suffering from hypertension, among five Indian states:

Maharashtra                        6, 61,063

Andhra Pradesh                  29, 56,228

Delhi                                    9, 43,889

Gujarat                                 9, 62,586

Rajasthan                                15 lakh

“Most of the people suffering from hypertension are unaware that they have high blood pressure. A recent survey, conducted by Cardiological Society of India (CSI), revealed that 25% of the people aged between 31 and 45 suffer from undetected hypertension. There is a lack of awareness of cardiovascular diseases in the youth and hence it goes undetected. One needs to drastically change our lifestyle and food habits. There should be a form of physical exercise to be done every day. A healthy lifestyle leads to a healthy heart,” said Dr Sushant Patil, consulting cardiologist from Nanavati Super Speciality Hospital.