#WorldAnaesthesiaDay: What is the role of an anaesthesiologist?

Globally World Anaesthesia Day takes place every year, on 16th October, the day ( Boston1846) a doctor named William Morton first demonstrated the use of a substance called ether to render a human senseless so that a lump could be removed from the man’s neck. Originally it was therefore named ‘Ether Day’

Image used for representational purposes only
Image used for representational purposes only

Today, the World Anaesthesia Day (October 16) is being observed across the globe by various hospitals and anaesthetists’ societies to commemorate the first successful demonstration of ether anaesthesia in 1846.

Anaesthesia is an important part of surgery. It enables patients to undergo an operation safely without experiencing distress and pain.

Physician anaesthesiologists evaluate, monitor and supervise patient care before, during and after surgery, delivering anaesthesia, leading the Anaesthesia Care Team and ensuring optimal patient safety. Physician anaesthesiologists specialise in anaesthesia care, pain management and critical care medicine.

On this day, My Medical Mantra spoke to two anaesthesiologist who helped enlighten us about the importance of anaesthesia while performing a surgery.

While speaking to My Medical Mantra, Dr Sanjeevni Samal, an anaesthesiologist from Mumbai, said, “The role of an anaesthesiologist is of vital importance as there can be no surgery without anaesthesia being administered to a patient. An anaesthesiologists has an primary role.”

She added, “There are a lot of risks involved with administering anaesthesia. We have to take into account the patients age, history of medical conditions and other necessary information.In rare cases some people can have an allergic reaction to anaesthesia. Five to ten per cent of people can have a mild or severe reaction to anesthesia.”

Dr Samak added,“In mild reactions a patient can have skin rashes, whereas in severe reactions a person can go unconscious.”

There are three types of anaesthesia. Local, general and spinal anaesthesia.

Local anesthesia, which block transmission of nerve impulses between a targeted part of the body and the central nervous system, causes loss of sensation in the targeted body part.

A patient under regional or local anesthesia remains conscious, unless general anesthesia or sedation is administered at the same time.

While spinal anaesthesia is used to numb the area from below the waist.

While speaking to My Medical Mantra, Dr Santosh Gite said, “In 1648, for the first time a patient was administered anaesthesia and w have been observing this day in memory of that day. Anaesthesia can help prevent the sensation of pain during surgery. Patients should disclose any pre-existing health condition to the doctors to prevent any complications from arising during surgery.”