In a question raised in the Lok Sabha by MP Kaushalendra Kumar in regards with diabetes among children, Anupriya Patel, Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare in a written response stated the following.
With the aim of getting information on youth onset diabetes in India, the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) established the Registry of People with Diabetes in India with Young Age at Onset.
The primary objective of the registry is to understand the disease pattern or types of youth onset diabetes including their geographical variations within the country and to estimate the burden of diabetes complications in youth.
The first phase of the registry has enrolled 5,546 patients with youth onset diabetes. There were more than ten variants of youth onset diabetes reported, in which type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) was the most prevalent at 63.9% followed by youth onset type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) at 25.3%.
To supplement the efforts of state governments, the Government of India is implementing National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke (NPCDCS) under National Health Mission.
The objectives of the programme include health promotion, early diagnosis, management and referral of cases, besides strengthening the infrastructure and capacity building to prevent and control common non-communicable diseases including diabetes.
In addition, free or affordable testing for diabetic individuals is being offered at various levels of healthcare such as Primary Health Centres, Community Health Centres and at the District Hospitals including in tertiary care centre and state government facilities.
Speaking to My Medical Mantra, Dr Shashank Joshi, President, Indian Academy of Diabetes, said, “Type 1 diabetes is caused due to a combination of environmental factors and an autoimmune response from the body. Youths affected with type 1 diabetes are more prone to thyroid problems. But, the incidence of type 2 diabetes is also rising. 20 years ago, cases of diabetes were very less in young children. But now, we are witnessing a resurgence in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.”