Maharashtra ranks first in terms of blood donation among all other states in India, thanks to the awareness campaigns about blood scarcity in the country’s blood-banks. Maharashtra has conducted as many as 26,313 blood donation camps in 2016 and collected a total of 16.17 lakh units of blood whereas Mumbai alone has conducted as many as 2,895 blood donation camps and collected a total of 3,04,225 units of blood.
World Blood Donors’ Day (June 14) calls for various activities as well as donation camps. “We thank our blood donors, Government of Maharashtra, Organizers and SBTC on this occasion,” said Arun Thorat. “This day is an occasion to thank all our blood donors, organizers, encouraging youngsters to donate blood repeatedly and considering it as a social responsibility,” he added.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), blood donation by 1 per cent of the population in every country can meet a nation’s basic requirements of blood. India, as per the State Blood Transfusion Council (SBTC), has had more than the 1 per cent donation in 2016. “We have gone beyond 1 per cent donation. Maharashtra ranks first in terms of donation this year (2016), with total of 16.17 lakh units collected, among all Indian states,” added Arun Thorat, Assistant Director of SBTC.
While talking about blood donations, some factors to be kept in mind are age (18-60 years of age), weight (above 45 kgs) and certain other health criteria. Apart from those, the rising amount of voluntary donations by people is a must. Given that, Maharashtra collected 96.07 per cent while Mumbai collected 96.44 per cent in voluntary donations. Voluntary donations are considered as a positive outcome of the growing awareness among people about donations.
“Given the scarcity of blood in blood banks and its increasing need, we need to stock up at least 10 per cent of each type of blood group,” he said adding, “Every blood bank should keep 10 per cent stock of each blood group owing to the increasing need due to road accidents, disaster or mishaps. This will require them to conduct frequent camps throughout the year.”
According to the World Health Organization (WHO):
· Of the 112.5 million blood units collected globally, approximately half of these are collected in high-income countries, which is home to 19 per cent of the world’s population.
· In low-income countries, up to 65 per cent of blood transfusions are given to children under the age of five; whereas in high-income countries, the most frequently transfused patient group is over 65 years of age, accounting for up to 76 per cent of all transfusions.
· An increase of 10.7 million blood donations from voluntary unpaid donors has been reported from 2008 to 2013. In total, as many as 74 countries collect over 90 per cent of their blood supply from voluntary unpaid blood donors; however, around 71 countries collect over 50 per cent of their blood supply from family/replacement or paid donors.