The survey has shown that 12 out of 6,432 samples of milk were adulterated that render such milk unsafe for human consumption.
The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) today released the full report of the ‘National Milk Safety and Quality Survey 2018.’ The survey results demolish the perception of large scale milk adulteration in the country.
According to information provided by the press release issued by the FSSAI. The survey has shown that 12 out of 6,432 samples of milk were adulterated that render such milk unsafe for human consumption.
Six samples were found adulterated with hydrogen peroxide, three with detergents, two with urea and one sample was found to have neutralisers.
No samples were found with boric acid and nitrates, the other two possible adulterants. Out of 12 adulterated samples, nine were in Telangana, two from Madhya Pradesh and one from Kerala.
The survey further showed that 77 (out of 6,432) samples, that 1.2 % of the samples had residues of antibiotics above the permissible limits. Amongst the top three states with highest levels of antibiotics residues are Madhya Pradesh (23 out of 335 samples), Maharashtra (9 out of 678 samples) and UP (8 out of 729 samples).
A major finding in the survey was presence of Aflatoxin M1 residues beyond permissible limits in 368 (out of 6,432) samples, that is 5.7% of the samples.
This is the first time that such a detailed survey of presence of Aflatoxin M1 in milk has been done in the country. Aflatoxin M1 comes in the milk through feed and fodder, which are currently not regulated in the country.
Amongst the top three states with highest levels of Aflatoxin M1 residues are Tamil Nadu (88 out of 551 samples), Delhi (38 out of 262 samples) and Kerala 37 out of 187 samples). This problem is more dominant in processed milk rather raw milk.
Overall, above 93% of the samples that is 5,976 (out of 6,432) samples were found to be absolutely safe for human consumption.
This milk survey was conducted from May, 2018 to October 2018 covering all States and UTs with the objective of monitoring safety and quality of liquid milk in the country. A total of 6,432 samples of milk were collected from 1,103 towns/cities
FSSAI Survey has clearly shown that while milk is largely safe milk, contamination due to Aflatoxin M1 and antibiotic residues is more serious problem than milk adulteration and the quality concerns persist.