Continuous coughing can be annoying and may rob your peace of mind. Moreover, if you are suffering from an allergic cough, then it is essential to consult an expert immediately and get it treated at the right time.
A cough is a reflex action which clears the throat from mucus or foreign irritants. Do you know that coughing is an infrequent action, many issues can lead to more frequent bouts of coughing? Most times, cough will clear up or may improve within two weeks, however, if you suddenly wake up in the middle of the night, owing to that cough which is disturbing your sleep?
Skip an important meeting due to loud and continuous coughing? Do you feel that it could be an allergic cough? Then, it is time to take charge of your health and tackle it. Here are some symptoms, which you should watch out for, and list treatments to manage it.
What is an allergic cough?
Allergic cough is a cough caused by allergies and can give you a tough time, and is different from the cough caused due to the common cold. Usually, cough is accompanied by a runny nose and nasal congestion.
Sometimes, it is difficult to diagnose and tackle it, as the causes can be uncertain. Moreover, many people having allergic cough also end up taking the wrong medicines and fail to get treatment at the right time.
Allergic cough can be caused by an overactive immune system which response excessively to certain substances, which your body is exposed. It takes place, when the body mistakes those harmless substances as harmful ones, and thus initiates a defence system to fight them.
It may also lead the release of the chemical called histamine, which the body releases when the patient is suffering from a cold.
Histamine is responsible for runny noses, coughing, sneezing, and swelling of the nasal passages. Hence, the patient tends to experience cold-like symptoms even when he is not suffering from it. It is the time when an allergic cough comes in the picture.
There is no specific cause behind it, but some may be more susceptible when compared to others. People with a family history of allergies may be at risk of getting it.
Various studies suggest that children with one allergic parent have more chances of developing allergies. Also, external factors can influence the allergic cough.
An extreme pollen season or moving into a new moldy environment may lead to flare-ups. So, see to it that you note the triggers and avoid them. Not only this, even pollen, fungi, dust, air pollution, and passive smoking can also be blamed for it. You may also be prone to it if you are suffering from hay fever, upper airway cough syndrome, and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD). Allergic cough can also be accompanied by sinus and middle ear infections too.
One may exhibit symptoms like dry cough, or a cough accompanied by mucus and may manifest in settings like during the pollen-heavy season, or the presence of animals. Moreover, continuous sneezing, congestion of nose and throat, fatigue, and itchy and watery eyes, are few other symptoms which one may experience.
How to treat it?
Visit the doctor who will examine the underlying cause behind the allergic cough, and suggest a treatment. The treatment may vary from person to person. The doctor will help you to tackle it. You should also see to it that you avoid taking over-the-counter medicines or self-medicate. Doing so can worsen your condition.
Here are a few suggestions which will help you keep an allergic cough at bay.
- Make sure you avoid allergens or irritants which your body is sensitive against, the common allergens are pollen, mold, animal dander, and dust mites.
- Opt for antihistamines prescribed by your doctor may help inhibit the release of histamines, and this will allow you to relieve the symptoms like stuffy nose, runny nose, and swollen nasal passages.
- Take decongestants suggested by the doctor, which can help you get rid of your stuffy, runny nose.
- Cover the face while stepping out to avoid dust and pollens.
- You can tackle it with the help of a skin or blood test as well. It may help you identify your allergy. For some, a lung-function test, chest x-ray, or bronchoscopy may identify the causes behind the persistent cough.
- One should also be alert about the factors causing allergies. Your doctor may also prescribe anti-allergy medicines.
- Wear a mask, before going out, or avoid visiting places which are dusty and unclean.
- Keep your surroundings clean and avoid dust as much as possible.
- Regular follow-ups and check-ups with your doctor can also be helpful.