The stress among students is increasing day-by-day, this the pressure is evident from the challenges they face in school, peer pressure, exam tension etc. But this stress is also taking a toll on their mental health.
Today a question was brought forth in the Lok Sabha, by Trinamool Congress MP Kalyan Banerjee who wished to know whether the school children between the ages of 11-17 years are suffering from high stress and that lead to psychological problems; and if so, whether the Government has carried out any study or received any survey report on the issue.
In response to this pressing issue, union minister of human resource development (HRD), Dr Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank,’ stated, “Yes, the National Mental Health Survey was carried out in 2015-16 over 12 states of India under the overall supervision of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and implementation is done by the National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru.”
He informed, “In total 34,802 adults and 1,191 adolescents drawn from 12 states were interviewed. Prevalence of mental disorders in the age group 13-17 years was found to be 7.3% and nearly equal in both genders. Prevalence of mental disorders was nearly twice (13.5%) as much in urban metros as compared to rural (6.9%) areas.”
While speaking to My Medical Mantra about what could possibly cause stress among these adolescents, Dr Harshad Bhagat, a psychiatrist from Sion Hospital, said, “The Age of 13 – 17 is usually the age of onset of puberty. Puberty brings hormonal, physical and social changes. It may affect attitudes, moods and behaviours and may affect mental health.”
He added, “This time period of age 13-17 sees the transformation of a child into adolescence, adolescents desire greater autonomy, pressure to conform peer relationships, exploring sexual identity, increased access to technology and media, future aspirations may lead to conflict situations in mind and may affect mental health.”
Dr Bhagat concluded, “Even academic problems can cause stress. It is important for them to have the intellectual capacity to deal with this.”