World Schizophrenia Day: Schizophrenia begins in the womb, study suggests

Researchers say new findings open the door to new schizophrenia treatments. For example, a drug could be administered to expectant mothers, whose offspring has a high risk of developing schizophrenia

World Schizophrenia Day: Schizophrenia begins in the womb, study suggestsBy transforming skin cells from patients with schizophrenia into neuronal progenitor cells – cells that form neurons in early development – researchers identified an abnormal gene pathway called nuclear FGFR1 (nFGFR1) that impairs early brain development. Senior study author Michal K. Stachowiak, Ph.D., of the Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences at the University […]

Here’s the reason why lack of sleep is bad for your heart

In recent years, numerous studies have shown that people who don’t get enough sleep are at greater risk of stroke and heart attack. A new University of Colorado Boulder study, published in the journal Experimental Physiology, helps explain why

Here’s the reason why lack of sleep is bad for your heartIt found that people who sleep fewer than 7 hours per night have lower blood levels of three physiological regulators, or microRNAs, which influence gene expression and play a key role in maintaining vascular health. The findings could potentially lead to new, non-invasive tests for sleep-deprived patients concerned about their health, the authors said. “This […]

People with type 2 diabetes are at a high risk of deadly liver disease

Many patients with potentially deadly liver cirrhosis and liver cancer are being diagnosed at late advanced stages of disease, according to a study led by Queen Mary University of London and the University of Glasgow

People with type 2 diabetes are at a high risk of deadly liver diseaseThe study of 18 million people across Europe also suggests the people living with type 2 diabetes are at particular risk of this ‘silent disease’ and should be monitored closely to prevent life-threatening disease progression. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) affects up to a quarter of people in the West and is the most common […]

Cancer: Compound found in broccoli, kale can suppress tumour growth

The decreased risk of cancer has for long been associated with consumption of broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, collard greens, Brussels sprouts and kale, but the actual gene which works for it was not known. The current research has found that these cruciferous vegetables contain a molecule which inactivates a gene known as WWP1

Cancer: Compound found in broccoli, kale can suppress tumour growthThe body has its own mechanisms for fighting cancer, but sometimes they are too weak to suppress tumour growth. Now, scientists have found that broccoli, kale, and other cruciferous vegetables contain a compound that could reinvigorate one of these innate mechanisms. Researchers from Harvard Medical Schools Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston, Massachusetts, saw […]

Dietary cholesterol or egg consumption not linked with elevated risk of stroke

A new study from the University of Eastern Finland shows that a moderately high intake of dietary cholesterol or consumption of up to one egg per day is not associated with an elevated risk of stroke

Dietary cholesterol or egg consumption not linked with elevated risk of strokeFurthermore, no association was found in carriers of the APOE4 phenotype, which affects cholesterol metabolism and is remarkably common among the Finnish population. The findings were published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Findings from earlier studies addressing the association of dietary cholesterol or egg intake with the risk of stroke have been contradictory. […]

Exhaust particles from aircraft turbine engines cause direct damage to lung cells

In a unique, innovative experiment, researchers under the leadership of the University of Bern have investigated the effect of exhaust particles from aircraft turbine engines on human lung cells

Exhaust particles from aircraft turbine engines cause direct damage to lung cellsThe cells reacted most strongly to particles emitted during ground idling. It was also shown that the cytotoxic effect is only to some extent comparable to that of particles from gasoline and diesel engines. Now, in addition to already investigated particle sources like emissions from heating systems, industry and road traffic, aircraft turbine engine particle […]

WHO releases guidelines for preventing dementia

Worldwide, around 50 million people have dementia and, with one new case every three seconds, the number of people with dementia is set to triple by 2050. The increasing numbers of people with dementia, its significant social and economic impact and lack of curative treatment, make it imperative for countries to focus on reducing modifiable risk factors for dementia

WHO releases guidelines for preventing dementiaPeople can reduce their risk of dementia by getting regular exercise, not smoking, avoiding harmful use of alcohol, controlling their weight, eating a healthy diet, and maintaining healthy blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar levels, according to new guidelines issued by the World Health Organization (WHO) today. “In the next 30 years, the number of […]

Risk of heart complications increases for sleep apnoea patients post-surgery

According to a new study published today in The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), patients who have severe obstructive sleep apnoea have a significantly higher risk of complications related to their heart in the first 30 days after major surgery

Risk of heart complications increases for sleep apnoea patients post-surgeryPeople having surgery may be more likely to experience cardiovascular problems afterward when they have a common night-time breathing disorder known as sleep apnoea, a study suggests. Compared to patients without apnoea, people with severe apnoea were more than twice as likely to die of heart complications or experience serious cardiac events like heart attacks […]

Can appendix removal cause Parkinson’s disease?

People who have had their appendix removed may be at an increased risk for developing Parkinson’s disease, according to findings due to be presented at this year’s Digestive Disease Week

Can appendix removal cause Parkinson’s disease?There seems to be a link between the degenerative neurological disorder Parkinson’s disease and your appendix. Just what that relationship might be, nobody can agree upon, but here’s what we know so far. Late last year, an analysis of 1.7 million people found you were 25 per cent less likely to develop the condition if […]

Men who delay fatherhood put health of partners, unborn children at risk

Men who delay starting a family have a ticking ‘biological clock,’ just like women, which may affect the health of their partners and children; according to Rutgers researchers

Men who delay fatherhood put health of partners, unborn children at riskThe study, which reviewed 40 years of research on the effect of parental age on fertility, pregnancy and the health of children, was published in the journal Maturitas. “While it is widely accepted that physiological changes that occur in women after 35 can affect conception, pregnancy and the health of the child, most men do […]
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