Researchers create a child-friendly ‘gaze test’ to identify autism in young kids

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can be a very difficult condition to diagnose, particularly in young children. Previously, we’ve seen technology intended to detect it by ‘reading’ kids’ faces. A new system, however, also gets children to read the faces of others

Researchers create a child-friendly ‘gaze test’ to identify autism in young kidsCurrently, doctors determine if children have ASD based on interviews with them, or via questionnaires that the young patients complete. Unfortunately, both of these approaches can be quite tiresome for restless toddlers, potentially resulting in inaccurate diagnoses. With that in mind, scientists at Canada’s University of Waterloo have developed what is said to be a […]

Autism may be accurately diagnosed as early as 14 months of age

It is well known that detecting autism as early as possible is critical for successful intervention

Autism may be accurately diagnosed as early as 14 months of ageNow, researchers have concluded that the disorder can be stably diagnosed from 14 months (1 year and 2 months) of age, providing an opportunity for medical advancement. A landmark event in the life of a toddler is their first birthday. This is the time when toddlers start learning to walk, talk, engage in joint social […]

Low oxygen levels harm specific cells in the developing brain

Low oxygen levels are a well-known cause of brain injury in premature babies. But the mechanism by which low oxygen hurts the developing human brain has been unclear

Low oxygen levels harm specific cells in the developing brainNow, researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have identified a specific set of brain cells that are particularly susceptible to harm from low oxygen exposure in early development. This damage is congruent with brain abnormalities, particularly reduction in grey matter, seen among children who are born very prematurely. The researchers have also identified […]

Obesity may put young people at risk of anxiety, depression

Researchers have recently examined the link between mental health conditions and obesity in over 12,000 children and teenagers. The results show that obesity raises the risk of anxiety and depression, which is something that physicians and healthcare professionals should be ‘vigilant about’

Obesity may put young people at risk of anxiety, depressionA new study connects obesity and anxiety among young people, finding that obesity is an independent risk factor for anxiety and depression among children and teenagers. Louise Lindberg, from the Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm, Sweden, is the lead researcher of the new study. She and her colleagues presented their findings at the European Congress on […]

Pregnant women with type 1 diabetes are at a high risk of preterm birth

Pregnant women with type 1 diabetes are at increased risk of delivering their baby prematurely. The risk increases as blood sugar levels rise, however, women who maintain the recommended levels also risk giving birth prematurely

Pregnant women with type 1 diabetes are at a high risk of preterm birth  These are the findings from researchers at Karolinska Institutet and the Sahlgrenska Academy in Sweden, published in Annals of Internal Medicine. In a previous study published in The BMJ, the research group showed that pregnant women with type 1 diabetes were at an increased risk of having babies with heart defects. Now, a new […]

Gestational diabetes during pregnancy may increase risk of type 1 diabetes in children

Children of mothers who had gestational diabetes during pregnancy could be at increased risk of type 1 diabetes themselves, according to a new study

Gestational diabetes during pregnancy may increase risk of type 1 diabetes in childrenThe study was led by a team at the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre (RI-MUHC) that was published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ). Early detection of diabetes is important in children and youth, as many — about 25 per cent, are diagnosed when seeking care for diabetic ketoacidosis, a potentially […]

Breastfeeding might benefit babies by reducing stress, reveals study

Mothers have long been told that ‘breast is best’ when it comes to feeding newborn babies, but a small experiment suggests at least some of the benefits may have nothing to do with the milk itself

Breastfeeding might benefit babies by reducing stress, reveals studyPaediatricians recommend that mothers exclusively breastfeed infants until they’re at least 6 months old because it can bolster babies’ immune systems and reduce their risk of ear and respiratory infections, sudden infant death syndrome, allergies, obesity and diabetes. While there’s plenty of research documenting these benefits, less is known about exactly how breastfeeding might cause […]

‘Fitness is about loving oneself’: Dr Dalwai

Dr Samir Dalwai believes that being fit should go hand in hand with being happy. As it is easier to follow if the activity brings you joy. He says that any activity for fitness should make you excited and cut you off from your daily routine

‘Fitness is about loving oneself’: Dr DalwaiCan you believe that a music reviewer, anchor, drum player, salsa trainer and avid reader would find a perfect balance between all these activities and neurodevelopmental paediatrics? But, surprisingly, Dr Samir Dalwai can! And the best part about him is that he always makes time to maintain his fitness. Ask him what his fitness mantra […]

Five early symptoms of pneumonia parents must watch out for

Dr Jesal Sheth, a senior consultant, paediatric and neonatal Intensivist at Fortis Hospital, Mulund, shares various symptoms an infant might display if he/she is infected with pneumonia and ways to prevent it

Five early symptoms of pneumonia parents must watch out forFor new parents, it is often difficult to comprehend and manage the health concerns their newborns. There are two factors to help deal with the illnesses in the infants; first is to understand the problem through knowledge, and the second is to stay calm and composed during the ordeal. While it is difficult to understand […]

Here’s why parents should never give cold and cough medicines to kids below 6

If you are a parent, you've likely been up at night with a coughing child or one that's just plain sick. In an effort to help your child breath and feel better, you may have reached for over the counter cough and cold remedies. Doctors say these remedies rarely relieve the symptoms of a cold and can have dangerous side effects in children

Here’s why parents should never give cold and cough medicines to kids below 6Recent research in the BMJ found that certain cold remedies may not help young kids with nasal symptoms and could even cause harm. A paediatrician stated that parents shouldn’t give over-the-counter cold and cough medicines to kids under six years old. Instead, remedies like rest and hydration can help soothe symptoms while a cold runs […]
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