Cocoa shells may help prevent obesity-induced insulin resistance, finds study

Obesity alters cells in ways that can lead to long-term health problems. Examples of obesity-induced cell changes include inflammation and damage to metabolic functions, such as the ability to use insulin and make energy

Cocoa shells may help prevent obesity-induced insulin resistance, finds studyNow, new research from the University of Illinois at Urbana‐Champaign and other institutions has shown that extract of cocoa bean shells contains three compounds that could potentially reduce or prevent some of these cell changes. Cocoa, green tea, and coffee also contain the same three compounds, which are: protocatechuic acid, epicatechin, and procyanidin B2. A […]

Dietary fibre reduces brain inflammation caused by ageing, reveals study

New research suggests brain inflammation to be reduced by foods high in fibre. According to a new study from the University of Illinois, dietary fibre may be the much needed remedy to reduce brain inflammation

Dietary fibre reduces brain inflammation caused by ageing, reveals studyAs mammals age, immune cells in the brain known as microglia become chronically inflamed. In this state, they produce chemicals known to impair cognitive and motor function. That’s one explanation for why memory fades and other brain functions decline during old age. But, according to a new study from the University of Illinois, there may […]

Consuming too much salt can cause inflammation in patients with multiple sclerosis, finds study

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s immune system destroys the protective coating around neurons called myelin

Consuming too much salt can cause inflammation in patients with multiple sclerosis, finds studyNew research, published in the journal Nature Immunology, now shows how a high intake of salt may cause inflammation in multiple sclerosis. Generally, women are at a higher risk of developing the condition than men. While researchers do not yet know what causes MS, an interplay between genetic predisposition and environmental factors is likely to […]

Researchers discover sleeps instrumental role in protecting us against germs

German researchers have discovered one way sleep improves the body’s ability to fight off a cold. Sleep, it seems, strengthens the potency of certain immune cells by improving their chances of attaching to-and eventually destroying-cells infected with viruses

Researchers discover sleeps instrumental role in protecting us against germsThe researchers focused their attention on T cells, which battle infections. When T cells spot a virally infected cell, they activate a sticky protein known as an integrin that allows them to adhere to that cell. The researchers were able to prove that lack of sleep, as well as sustained periods of stress, lead to […]

Human cells need some proteins to be in a chaotic state to fight off disease

Understanding the dynamic that is at play within cells is, therefore, key to preventing and overcoming cancer and many other chronic diseases. New research may have broken new ground in this respect, as three scientists have discovered a new mechanism of cell regulation: chaos

Human cells need some proteins to be in a chaotic state to fight off diseaseModern research has unearthed many of the faulty mechanisms that are at play in cancer, yet science has plenty left to discover. On a cellular level, some of these mechanisms revolve around what medical experts call signalling pathways. Cell signalling pathways regulate the growth, survival, and proliferation of cells. In cancer, some signalling proteins are […]

Dietary fibre and gut bacteria protect the cardiovascular system, reveals study

Beneficial gut microbes can produce metabolites from dietary fibre, including a fatty acid called propionate. This substance protects against the harmful consequences of high blood pressure

Dietary fibre and gut bacteria protect the cardiovascular system, reveals studyThe fatty acid propionate helps defend against the effects of high blood pressure, including atherosclerosis and heart tissue remodelling, a study on mice has found. Gut bacteria produce the substance, which calms the immune cells that drive up blood pressure, from natural dietary fibre. “You are what you eat,” as the proverb goes. But to […]

Scientist discover new ‘micro-organ’ which plays a key role in immune response

Researchers have identified a brand new ‘micro-organ’ inside the immune system of mice and humans , the first discovery of its kind for decades, and it could put scientists on the path to developing more effective vaccines in the future

Scientist discover new ‘micro-organ’ which plays a key role in immune responseResearchers from Australia’s Garvan Institute of Medical Research identified a structure that ‘remembers’ past infections and vaccinations, and is filled with immune cells of many kinds which respond to pathogens that the body has encountered before. The structure is strategically positioned on the outside of lymph glands to detect infections early, according to researchers. It […]

Immune cells in the brain may cause weight gain, if you follow a high-fat diet

Immune cells in the brain may cause weight gain, if you follow a high-fat dietNew research suggests that microglia, which are brain-resident immune cells, may offer a new target for obesity treatments. In mice, the scientists found that fat-rich diets cause microglia to trigger overeating and weight gain. A paper on the work – led by the University of California-San Francisco (UCSF) and the University of Washington Medical Center […]

Drug used to treat blood pressure could help prevent type 1 diabetes

A drug commonly used to control high blood pressure may also help prevent the onset of type 1 diabetes in up to 60 per cent of those at risk for the disease, according to researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus and the University of Florida

Drug used to treat blood pressure could help prevent type 1 diabetesThe new research, co-authored by Dr Aaron Michels, an associate professor of medicine at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus in Aurora, will be published in The Journal of Clinical Investigation. Type 1 diabetes is a condition in which the beta cells of the pancreas are unable to produce enough insulin, which is the […]

Scientists discover a ‘promising’ breast cancer relapse detection breakthrough

Tissue samples from 1,178 women with the most common form of breast cancer were used in the experiment. The likelihood of tumours flaring up again within five years was 23 per cent higher in women with the immune cell 'hotspots'

Scientists discover a ‘promising’ breast cancer relapse detection breakthrough  Researchers have found a way to potentially identify women at risk of relapsing breast cancer. Patients with high numbers of immune cell ‘hotspots’ around tumours were 25 per cent more likely to see the cancer return within a decade, indicates a study. The likelihood of tumours flaring up again within five years was 23 […]