Why does cigarette smoke make head and neck cancer more aggressive?

Now Thomas Jefferson University researchers studying the effects of cigarette smoke on tumour progression show that cigarette smoke reprograms the cells surrounding the cancer cells, and helps drive HNSCC aggressiveness. The results were published online in the journal Molecular Cancer Research. “Cigarette smoke changes the metabolism of cells in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas, […]

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brocolli

Cancer: Compound found in broccoli, kale can suppress tumour growth

The body has its own mechanisms for fighting cancer, but sometimes they are too weak to suppress tumour growth. Now, scientists have found that broccoli, kale, and other cruciferous vegetables contain a compound that could reinvigorate one of these innate mechanisms. Researchers from Harvard Medical Schools Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston, Massachusetts, saw […]

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Colon cancer could be made more aggressive by common oral bacteria

Tests have shown that around a third of people who develop colorectal cancer also have the bacterium, which has the name Fusobacterium nucleatum. Their cancer also tends to be more aggressive, but it was not clear why until the recent study. A paper that now features in the journal EMBO Reports reveals how the microorganism […]

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Ovarian cancer: How to recognise its symptoms and knowing its treatment options

The overall incidence of ovarian tumour is 11.7% in India. It’s more common between 55-70 years of age. Periodic screening for symptoms of any disease, cancer or otherwise, is the best approach for catching it early. In India, it is the third most commonly seen cancer in women. Prevention is better than cure, and through […]

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Following a keto diet could help make cancer therapy more effective

In recent years, scientists have been testing a new class of cancer drugs. They target a specific molecular pathway that has been shown to be faulty in many types of cancer. Specifically, these drugs target a cell signalling pathway called phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K), which is activated by insulin. Previous studies have shown that mutations in […]

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Breast cancer’s deadliness is influenced by genes, reveals study

Interestingly, they discovered that the rare mutations were linked to more aggressive tumours, while the common mutations were associated with less aggressive tumour characteristics The study was led by Dr. Li Jingmei, Senior Research Scientist at the Agency for Science, Technology and Research’s (A*STAR) Genome Institute of Singapore (GIS), together with a team at Karolinska […]

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Skin cancer: New study finds antioxidants can speed up melanoma

  New research evidence backs up previous findings that taking antioxidant supplements can speed up the spread of the deadliest form of skin cancer. Researchers at the University of Gothenburg in Sweden have added new data to a study of the effects of antioxidants on malignant tumour development. Through a series of experiments on animals […]

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Survivors of childhood brain tumours may struggle to live on their own

  The 306 childhood brain tumour survivors in the study were 26 years old on average and had typically been diagnosed with cancer about 18 years earlier. Overall, 40 per cent had achieved levels of independence similar to what might be seen in 20-somethings without a history of cancer, managing things like a home of […]

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Ovarian cysts need to ‘observed’ instead of being removed, reveals Lancet study

Blocking glycogen could slow or prevent ovarian cancer spread, finds study

It is often the case that an ovarian cancer diagnosis reveals that the tumour has already spread to nearby tissue. Now, scientists have discovered a potential way to cut off the energy supply fuelling this invasive stage of ovarian cancer. “No systematic study,” says senior study author Ernst Lengyel, who is a professor of obstetrics […]

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Kidney cancers hijack genes from white blood cells to spread around the body

The study, led by scientists from the MRC Cancer Unitopens in new window at the University of Cambridge, suggests that this may also help to explain how other types of cancers spread – or metastasise- and provide new targets for cancer therapies. To metastasise, cancer cells need to develop the ability to break away from […]

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