High levels of estrogen in the womb linked to autism, reveals study

Scientist have identified a link between exposure to high levels of oestrogen sex hormones in the womb and the likelihood of developing autism. The findings are published today in the journal Molecular Psychiatry

High levels of estrogen in the womb linked to autism, reveals studyThe discovery adds further evidence to support the prenatal sex steroid theory of autism first proposed 20 years ago. In 2015, a team of scientists at the University of Cambridge and the State Serum Institute in Denmark measured the levels of four prenatal steroid hormones, including two known as androgens, in the amniotic fluid in […]

Researchers create a child-friendly ‘gaze test’ to identify autism in young kids

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can be a very difficult condition to diagnose, particularly in young children. Previously, we’ve seen technology intended to detect it by ‘reading’ kids’ faces. A new system, however, also gets children to read the faces of others

Researchers create a child-friendly ‘gaze test’ to identify autism in young kidsCurrently, doctors determine if children have ASD based on interviews with them, or via questionnaires that the young patients complete. Unfortunately, both of these approaches can be quite tiresome for restless toddlers, potentially resulting in inaccurate diagnoses. With that in mind, scientists at Canada’s University of Waterloo have developed what is said to be a […]

Unusual eating behaviours might be a new diagnostic indicator for autism, finds study

Atypical eating behaviours may include severely limited food preferences, hypersensitivity to food textures or temperatures, and pocketing food without swallowing

Unusual eating behaviours might be a new diagnostic indicator for autism, finds studyAtypical eating behaviours may be a sign a child should be screened for autism, according to a new study from Penn State College of Medicine. Research by Susan Mayes, professor of psychiatry, found that atypical eating behaviours were present in 70% of children with autism, which is 15 times more common than in neurotypical children. […]

Cancer: Compound found in broccoli, kale can suppress tumour growth

The decreased risk of cancer has for long been associated with consumption of broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, collard greens, Brussels sprouts and kale, but the actual gene which works for it was not known. The current research has found that these cruciferous vegetables contain a molecule which inactivates a gene known as WWP1

Cancer: Compound found in broccoli, kale can suppress tumour growthThe body has its own mechanisms for fighting cancer, but sometimes they are too weak to suppress tumour growth. Now, scientists have found that broccoli, kale, and other cruciferous vegetables contain a compound that could reinvigorate one of these innate mechanisms. Researchers from Harvard Medical Schools Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston, Massachusetts, saw […]

Autism may be accurately diagnosed as early as 14 months of age

It is well known that detecting autism as early as possible is critical for successful intervention

Autism may be accurately diagnosed as early as 14 months of ageNow, researchers have concluded that the disorder can be stably diagnosed from 14 months (1 year and 2 months) of age, providing an opportunity for medical advancement. A landmark event in the life of a toddler is their first birthday. This is the time when toddlers start learning to walk, talk, engage in joint social […]

Men who delay fatherhood put health of partners, unborn children at risk

Men who delay starting a family have a ticking ‘biological clock,’ just like women, which may affect the health of their partners and children; according to Rutgers researchers

Men who delay fatherhood put health of partners, unborn children at riskThe study, which reviewed 40 years of research on the effect of parental age on fertility, pregnancy and the health of children, was published in the journal Maturitas. “While it is widely accepted that physiological changes that occur in women after 35 can affect conception, pregnancy and the health of the child, most men do […]

No safe amount of alcohol during pregnancy, say researchers

An international group of researchers has taken one of the first major steps in finding the biological changes in the brain that drive foetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD)

No safe amount of alcohol during pregnancy, say researchersNew work using chaos theory to analyse brain signals, discussed this month in the journal Chaos, from AIP Publishing, shows the long-term effects. Researchers found that teenagers who were exposed to alcohol while in the womb showed altered brain connections that were consistent with impaired cognitive performance. Their findings were reached by measuring the responses […]

Disruptive behaviours in autistic children linked to reduced brain connectivity

More than a quarter of children with autism spectrum disorder are also diagnosed with disruptive behaviour disorders

Disruptive behaviours in autistic children linked to reduced brain connectivityFor the first time, Yale researchers have identified a possible biological cause: a key mechanism that regulates emotion functions differently in the brains of the children who exhibit disruptive behaviour. The study appears in Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging. “Disruptive behaviours such as aggression, irritability, and noncompliance are common in children with autism, and […]

World Autism Day: ‘Autism is not a disease, it is not a mental disorder’

Autism, or autism spectrum disorder (ASD), refers to a broad range of conditions characterized by challenges with social skills, repetitive behaviours, speech and non-verbal communication

World Autism Day: ‘Autism is not a disease, it is not a mental disorder’Autism is a complex neurobehavioral condition that includes impairments in social interaction and developmental language and communication skills combined with rigid, repetitive behaviours. Because of the range of symptoms, this condition is now called autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Dr Samir Dalwai, a developmental and behavioural paediatrician and director of New Horizons Child Development Centre, sheds […]

World Autism Day: Parental training necessary to help manage kids with autism   

April 2 is observed as World Autism Day. Experts opined that parents need to be trained more on how to handle and deal with kids affected with autism

World Autism Day: Parental training necessary to help manage kids with autism   Individuals with autism often present other co-occurring conditions, including epilepsy, depression, anxiety, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Autism refers to a range of conditions characterised by some degree of impaired social behaviour, communication and language, and a narrow range of interests and activities that are both unique to the individual and carried out repetitively. […]
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