The National Family Health Survey 2015-16 was conducted in India from 20 January, 2015 to 04 December, 2016 and information was gathered from 601,509 households, 699,686 women and 103,525 men.
In response to a question raised by Dr K Gopal about people with high blood pressure and its complications in India, Anupriya Patel, Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare in a written response in the Lok Sabha stated.
The Government of India is implementing a National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke (NPCDCS) under National health Mission(NHM) for interventions up to District level.
NPCDCS has focus on awareness generation for behaviour and lifestyle changes, screening and early diagnosis of persons with high level of risk factors and their referral to higher facilities for appropriate management of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) including hypertension.
Till June, 2018; 525 district ncd clinics, 2,564 community health centres NCD Clinics and 167 cardiac care units have been set up under the programme.
For early diagnosis, Population-based initiative for prevention, control, screening and management of common Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) such as diabetes, hypertension and common cancer viz. oral, breast and cervical cancer has been initiated in more than 150 districts by utilising the services of the frontline health workers under existing primary healthcare system.
This will generate awareness at ground level about risk factors and early detection for hypertension.
Further, in collaboration with the Ministry of AYUSH, an initiative to use the knowledge available in AYUSH system of medicines for prevention and control of Non-communicable Diseases is being implemented in 6 districts on pilot basis. Yoga is a part as adjuvant therapy.
Speaking to My Medical Mantra, Dr Pradeep Gadge, a diabetologist, said, “Not getting adequate sleep and eating junk food which is loaded with salt can raise the risk of having hypertension and diabetes. Not getting a good night’s sleep can be taxing on the body. Now it is being noticed that people as young as 25-29 years are having high blood pressure. The only remedy for this is avoiding junk food and having a balanced diet. Maintaining regular sleep timings are also essential to avoid disturbances in the sleep pattern.”
Dr Vijay Surasey, a heart specialist from Thane, said, “Due to urbanisation, there have been changes in people’s lifestyle due to a fast paced hectic life. People on the go do not have time to eat properly and end up eating junk food. Having to take on a lot of responsibilities at a young age can be stressful for youngsters. Also youngsters are being prone to heart disease more than ever. At times genetic, reasons too can be an influence in developing hypertension. Daily exercise and meditation is highly recommended to keep blood pressure in check.”