Separating the myths from the facts on World Diabetes Day

Diabetes is a complex disease. Many people with diabetes have common myths related to diabetes, its diagnosis, risk factors, diet and many more. And there are many myths related to diabetes, this makes it hard to separate fact from fiction difficult

Image Source: Google
Image Source: Google

Misconceptions about diabetes risk factors, symptoms, healthy foods, and more could affect how diabetes patients take care of themselves. The biggest hindrance in the control of diabetes is lack of knowledge of the disease. It is always better to speak to your doctor before jumping to any conclusion.

There is common belief in people who have type 2 diabetes when blood sugars are not controlled and their doctor says you need to start insulin, they think that they are failing to take care of their diabetes properly. But fact is that Type 2 diabetes is a progressive disease.


When first diagnosed, many people with type 2 diabetes can keep their blood glucose at a healthy level with oral medications. But over time the body gradually produces less and less of its own insulin and; eventually oral medications may not be enough to keep blood glucose levels in control. Using insulin to get blood glucose levels to a healthy level is a good thing, not a bad one.

Another myth regarding Is when diabetes is diagnosis means you automatically need insulin. This is partially correct that’s the case with type 1 diabetes but not with type 2 diabetes. In some cases, proper diet, exercise, and oral medications, if needed, can keep type 2 diabetes under control for some time before insulin becomes necessary. The key is to make a lifestyle change. That means no smoking, more healthful eating habits, and regular exercise.

People with Diabetes cannot play sports. The fact is that People with diabetes are encouraged and advised to exercise as part of a healthy lifestyle. Staying active can help avoid complications associated with diabetes, such as heart disease.

There are many known sports person are examples who continued to play their sport at the highest competitive level even after being diagnosed with diabetes and performed as well as any other team member without diabetes.

A similar myth is that children with diabetes cannot exercise – just the opposite is true.

In fact, food intake, insulin, and physical activity are the basis for treatment of Type 1 diabetes. Exercise lowers the amount of blood sugar, which results in a person feeling better, helps avoid becoming overweight, and reduces the chances of developing long-term complications associated with diabetes

One should periodically get tested for diabetes only if one is obese or fat. Fact is one should regularly get tested as per the doctor’s advice, in following cases even if non-obese. If one has a family history of diabetes, age more than 45 years, diabetes during pregnancy, suffered from a hormonal disorder causing enlarged ovaries with cysts, negligible physical activity, high blood pressure or high blood cholesterol.


Diabetic medicines affect the kidneys and such people may require dialysis.: All medicines can affect the kidneys or other vital organs of the body to some extent and ;if not taken under the supervision of a doctor and the effect of uncontrolled diabetes not only damages the kidney permanently but may also lead to dialysis. Conclusion is that the benefits of medicines far overweigh the risks

While in term of diet people feel sugar-free is OK to eat. But in fact though sugar-free pies and cakes are popular, but they aren’t necessarily low calorie, low fat or even low carbohydrate. One should read the labels or make substitutions to satisfy your sweet tooth. If you have sugar cravings Instead, use your favourite fruits in a crisp. By doing this you will eat fewer carbs and get more nutrition than from most other desserts.

When you are detected with diabetes, you have to eat differently from family and friends. Fact is that while some foods are obviously healthier than others, a diabetic meal plan can be extremely inclusive. Diabetics don’t need special foods. As long as you portion your foods appropriately, you should be able to eat the same foods as everyone else. Beyond the carb-counting, a diabetic meal plan is nothing more than a general healthy, portion-controlled and well-balanced diet.

The author is a leading diabetologist at Gadge Diabetes Centre