SC allows Passive Euthanasia but with strict guidelines

In a landmark verdict On Friday, the Supreme Court, gave legal sanction to passive euthanasia, permitting a person to draft a ‘living will’ clarifying that he should not be given life support treatment if he slips into coma

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  • Today, the Supreme Court(SC) allowed Passive Euthanasia stating that human beings have the right to die with dignity, but made sure to set out strict guidelines that will govern when it is permitted.
  • The SC also allowed an individual to draft a ‘living will’specifying that they not be put on life support if they slip into an incurable coma in the future.

The Supreme Court today ruled that individuals had a right to die with dignity, allowing passive euthanasia with guidelines, allowing individuals to draft a ‘living will’.

The apex court’s order came on a plea by the NGO ‘Common Cause’. The order was passed today by a five-judge Constitution bench of Chief Justice (CJI) Dipak Misra and Justices A K Sikri, A M Khanwilkar, D Y Chandrachud and Ashok Bhushan.

Passive euthanasiais a condition where there is withdrawal of medical treatment with the deliberate intention to hasten the death of a terminally-ill patient.

In a ‘living will’, a person can make a statement in advance that their life should not be prolonged by putting them on a ventilator or an artificial support system.