Rising incidence of fatty liver disease affects 1/3rd of India’s population

A 22-year-old man treated for fatty liver, and donated part of his liver to his father. Out of 4,862 patients, who visited the Liver Clinic at Global Hospital in 2018, around 17.2% of patients had fatty liver disease. The hospital has launched a comprehensive Fatty Liver Program with a structured diet exercise and medication regime for dealing with fatty liver disease

Follow this diet to get rid of ‘fatty liver’
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Fatty liver is a condition, caused by the accumulation of excess fat within the liver cells. It affects the 1/3rd of India’s population and is the leading cause of liver disease. It can be reversed with diet and exercise if detected on time, but a focused effort is needed to manage it.

A team of liver specialist, endocrinologist, clinical nutritionist, and exercise specialist comes together to help people to tackle the fatty liver disease at the Global Hospital, Parel.

A study conducted by Global Hospital revealed that in 2018, out of 4,862 patients who visited Liver clinic at the Global hospital, around 17.2 % of patients were diagnosed with fatty liver disease. It was observed that 76% were men, and 24% were women.

To spread awareness about fatty liver and related disease, Global Hospital, Parel, initiated a fatty liver program with a focused effort and a multispecialty approach.

Fatty liver covers a spectrum of disorders, beginning with the accumulation of excess fat (steatosis) to inflammation of the liver (steatohepatitis). Steatohepatitis is a reversible condition.

However, if proper care is not taken, the inflammation in the liver may cause scarring and hardening of the liver tissue leading to cirrhosis. Not only this, it may further progress into liver cancer in some patients. Moreover, there is a surge in the number of people with fatty liver disease.

Twenty-two-year-old Sagar Vegad, who weighed 91 kgs, came forward to donate the part of his liver to save his father, who was suffering from liver cirrhosis. On assessment, Sagar was found to have excessive fat in the liver and was declared unfit as a donor.

Due to the unavailability of any other donor, Sagar was determined to donate a part of the liver to help his father get a new lease of life. The transplant team and nutritionist advised him to go on a diet, and exercise regime to lose excess fat.

After proper guidance of Dr Shah and team, Sagar lost over 20kgs in 45 days and was stated clinically fit to donate a part of the liver, while his sister, Neha Vegad, donated her kidney to give his father a lease of life. Sagar’s father, Narendra successfully underwent simultaneous liver and kidney transplant at the Hospital.

Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of liver disease. It is a condition caused by the deposition of excess fat in the liver in individuals, who drink a little or no alcohol.

A severe form of NAFLD is steatohepatitis, which is inflammation and liver cell damage. NASH can progress to fibrosis, and later to cirrhosis, which is scarring and hardening of liver tissue. Cirrhosis can lead to liver failure, and liver cancer necessitating a liver transplant. Indeed, many people are not even aware of the underlying presence of NAFLD.

Global Hospital launches a Fatty Liver Program to offer a structured diet, exercise, and medication plan to treat patients with fatty liver disease.

Patients will be benefited by a multidisciplinary approach to optimise their weight loss by expert advice from nutritionist and exercise specialist along with the evaluation by Endocrinologist and Hepatologist to effectively control the metabolic risk factors. The team will also have a psychologist to provide counselling.

Dr Samir Shah, Head, Department of Hepatology, Institute of Liver Diseases, HPB Surgery, and Liver Transplant, Global Hospital, Mumbai, said, “The clinic is a comprehensive focussed effort to help patients fight fatty liver disease. The ones with fatty liver disease, who fail to shed those excess kilos, may suffer from liver ailments and require a transplant. In about 350 patients, who needed a liver transplant, the prime cause was non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Even after patients realise, they need to lose weight, it is difficult for them to do so. A focus team effort is essential for their management, and the need of the hour.”

He added, “By introducing a fatty liver clinic, we are proposing a new way to approach the fatty liver problem, which remains unsolved in India.”

“Global Hospital has always remained at the forefront of medical advances and has the reputation of introducing the best and latest medical technologies in the country. The sole aim of the hospital is to create awareness about health issues, by taking up various health initiatives. Similarly, the expertise of the fatty liver program will be beneficial for the patients, as it has become a common health issue due to changes in diet, and lifestyle,” said, Dr Vivek Talaulikar, CEO Global Hospital, Parel.