- Few other studies show that tobacco smokers are likely to develop anxiety disorders and depression over a period of time.
- Some studies also suggest that patients already taking antidepressants or antipsychotic drugs for anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, etc need higher doses of these medicines as compared to non-smokers.
- Quitting smoking helps in boosting mental health and well-being, improve mood and help relieve stress, anxiety and depression.
The Ministry of Health And Family Welfare has enacted a comprehensive legislation, namely the Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products (Prohibition of Advertisement and Regulation of Trade and Commerce, Production, Supply and Distribution) Act, 2003 (COTPA 2003) to discourage the consumption of tobacco products in order to protect the masses from the health hazards attributable to tobacco use.
Dr Sagar Mundada, psychiatrist and youth-wing president, of Indian Medical Association (IMA)-Maharashtra Chapter said, “If one is a habitual smoker and if he doesn’t smoke it triggers anxiety. If one smokes too much it causes irritability, one tends to get hyper and so on.”
Dr Om Prakash, Assoc Professor, institute of Human Behaviour and Allied Sciences (IHBAS) said, “Smoking can aggravate anxiety symptoms, tension, and restlessness. Anxiety symptoms predominantly occur when the person doesn’t get nicotine.”
Over 11 per cent of 6.4 million deaths worldwide were caused by smoking in 2015 and 52.2 per cent of them took place in China, India, USA, and Russia, according to the latest estimates in the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study published in medical journal The Lancet.