The study carried out Golwilkar Metropolis revealed the following facts:
- 39% of the total samples tested showed abnormal haemoglobin levels
- The age group of 30 to 40 years showed maximum levels of abnormal haemoglobin at about 17% followed by the age group of 20 to 30 at about 14%
- In the age group of 0 to 10, out of 28,813 samples being tested, 65% samples (18862) were abnormal
Speaking about the study, Dr Sushil Shah, Chairman, Golwilkar Metropolis Healthcare Ltd said “The Global Nutrition Report that came out in 2017 put India at the bottom of the table with regard to anaemia. It is important that women undergo tests to diagnose anaemia and take corrective measures. Anaemia has dangerous implications especially during the child bearing years.”
The normal range for haemoglobin for men is 13.5 to 17.5 grams per decilitre. For women, the normal range is 12.0 to 15.5 grams per decilitre.
If a haemoglobin test finds that the haemoglobin level is lower than normal, it means that there’s a low red blood cell count (anaemia). Anaemia can have many different causes, including vitamin deficiencies, bleeding and chronic diseases.
If a haemoglobin test shows a higher than normal level, there are several potential causes — the blood disorder polycythaemia vera, living at a high altitude, smoking and dehydration.
Transfusing red blood cells
- Receiving erythropoietin (a hormone used to stimulate red blood cell production in individuals with decreased red blood cell production or increased red cell destruction)
- Taking iron supplements
- Increasing the intake of iron-rich foods (eggs, spinach, artichokes, beans, lean meats, and seafood) and foods rich in cofactors (such as vitamin B6, folic acid, vitamin B12, and vitamin C) important for maintaining normal haemoglobin levels. Such foods include fish, vegetables, nuts, cereals, peas, and citrus fruits.