When a 30-day old infant Shivansh Jha was struggling to breathe at home and had turned blue and cold. His father who just came from office at night noticed this and without wasting any time, he started giving cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and continued mouth to mouth respiration on the way while rushing to Motherhood Hospital in Kharadi.
The CPR skills used by Snehshankar Jha, the father of infant, helped the baby reach the hospital from Wagholi to Kharadi in a stable condition which took him about 30 minutes due to bad road conditions. The emergency team saved the baby from the ‘near miss’ condition called as Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS).
Dr Mubashir Shah, Consultant Neonatologist at Motherhood Hospital, said, “One-month old male baby was brought to emergency room of Motherhood Hospital, Kharadi by his parents in the middle of the night at 3 am. We noticed that Baby had turned blue and was not breathing also his heart rate was low and pulse was very weak. Resuscitative measures were started immediately to help the baby breathe along with chest compression to support his heart to pump blood. He was effectively resuscitated and was put on ventilator to support breathing and drugs to support cardiovascular system and improve blood pressure.”
Dr Tushar Parikh, Head of department of Paediatrics & Neonatology at Motherhood Hospital Said “All credit goes to his father who bravely took the right decision and administered CPR to his baby who was struggling to breath till he reaches hospital in a stable condition. After which, the medical team took over the challenging case. Heart failure, kidney injury, bleeding problems and seizures are consequences of hypoxic (lack of oxygen) insult to body, as seen in this baby”. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) is a condition where babies die without any apparent cause. We suspected ‘Near miss’ Sudden Infant Death Syndrome SIDS in this baby. Appropriate, efficient and timely management by our team of doctors saved this baby.”
Dr Parikh further recommends that babies should be put to sleep on their back (and not on stomach or on side) to reduce incidence of SIDS. Drinking of alcohol by parents and maternal smoking are linked with SIDS. However, no such risk factors were present in this case. Also, breastfeeding is protective against SIDS.
Baby was managed in the hi-tech Level 3 Neonatal ICU at Motherhood Hospital. After 8 hours of admission, baby developed seizures and was managed with anti-convulsant medications. He was weaned off from the ventilator support after 3 days and managed with non-invasive ventilation for another 2 days.
To take care of his nutritional requirements, initially intravenous dextrose was infused, and tube feeding was started from day 3 of admission, once his blood pressure and heart rate stabilized. Oral feeding was started on 5th day of admission with adequate suck and normal swallowing.
What is Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)?
- Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the unexplained death, usually during sleep, of a seemingly healthy baby less than a year old. SIDS is sometimes known as crib death because the infants often die in their cribs.
- Although the cause is unknown, it appears that SIDS might be associated with defects in the portion of an infant’s brain that controls breathing and arousal from sleep.
- Researchers have discovered some factors that might put babies at extra risk. They’ve also identified measures you can take to help protect your child from SIDS. Perhaps the most important is placing your baby on his or her back to sleep.