- In Premature ovarian failure (POF) cases, women as young as 30-years-old face menopausal symptoms.
- POF is a condition where there is a physiological decrease in the number of eggs at a younger age.
- Lifestyle changes such as smoking, previous ovarian surgeries, anticancer therapies and familial POF are some of the reasons for low ovarian reserve at young age.
- As per the doctors’ advice, a lifestyle modification and consulting a doctor for proper diagnosis can help in seeking a timely treatment.
According to a survey conducted by The Institute for Social and Economic Change (ISEC), roughly 1 per cent to 2 per cent of women in India undergo menopause between the age of 29 to 34 and 8 per cent between the ages of 35 and 39. Aging is associated with a decline in the number of ovarian follicles, menstrual irregularities, ovarian hormonal deficiency, anovulation, decreased fertility, and, finally, a complete and irreversible cessation of menses known as menopause, usually occurring at a mean age of 50 years.
“As per our observation, around 2 per cent of the women taking treatment at our centre suffer from premature menopause. The usual menopause occurs in female at the age of 50 to 51 years and premature menopause occurs below the age of 40”, said Dr Karishma Dafle, Fertility Consultant at Nova IVI Fertility, Pune.
She added, “Apart from the inability to conceive a child naturally, women suffering from pre-mature menopause are at a high risk of osteoporosis, dementia and heart related issues. This is mainly because there is a direct relationship between the lack of estrogen during premenopause and menopause and the development of osteoporosis and other problems.”
When contacted, Dr. Supriya Puranik of Sahyadri hospital seconded it. “Premature ovarian failure is largely associated with the changing lifestyle. Eating low proteins and high carbohydrates, not eating raw vegetables and lack of aerobic exercises are some of the things which can be associated to ovarian failure,” said Dr Puranik.
Doctors also stated that drinking and smoking is also linked with Premature ovarian failure which can lead to premature menopause. As per the doctors’ advice, lifestyle modifications and consulting a doctor for proper diagnosis can help in seeking a timely treatment.