Mumbai had received heavy rainfall on Tuesday, August 29. As a result of this, Mumbai’s roads were waterlogged and several people had to wade through flood waters. Sensing a great risk of leptospirosis and other infectious diseases, the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC), has appealed citizens to visit the nearest BMC hospital to take preventive medicine and treatment as per the doctors’ advice. Health authorities have also urged citizens not to self-medicate.
“After the flood situation in Mumbai, there is an increased risk for the spread of infectious diseases. Hence, today we held a meeting with all health authorities and infectious diseases experts to brainstorm about the preventive methods. It is our appeal to citizens not to self-medicate and to visit the nearest BMC hospital for the treatment,” said Dr Mini Khetarpal epidemiology in-charge at the BMC.
Leptospirosis is one of the most widespread diseases transmitted by animals to humans. The infection is generally transmitted to humans by water that has been contaminated by animal urine which comes in contact with humans through unhealed breaks in the skin, the eyes, or through the mucous membranes.
Many Mumbaikars had to walk through waterlogged streets to make their way to a safer place. According to experts, this may pose a high risk for the spread of leptospirosis.
What are the symptoms of leptospirosis?
- Headache and fever
- Chills and muscle pain
- Organ failure
- Internal bleeding
If you were exposed to flood water then check your category from below and consult a doctor.
Low-risk exposure: Individuals with a single history of wading in flood or contaminated water without wounds, cuts or open lesions of the skin.
Dosage: Doxycycline 200 mg single dose within 24 to 72 hours from exposure
Moderate-risk exposure: Individuals with a single history of wading in flood or contaminated water with the presence of wounds, cuts, or open lesions of the skin, or accidental ingestion of contaminated water.
Dosage: Doxycycline 200 mg once daily for 3‐5 days to be started immediately within 24 to 72 hours from exposure
High-risk exposure: Those individuals with continuous exposure of wading in flood or contaminated water with or without wounds, cuts or open lesions of the skin. Swimming in flooded waters, especially in urban areas infested with domestic/sewer rats and ingestion of contaminated water, are also considered high-risk exposures.
Dosage: Doxycycline 200 mg once weekly for six weeks