Oral Cancer: India witnesses a whopping 114% increase in the number of cases

According to ICMR officials, an 18% of the world’s population lives in India, so it becomes crucial to understand the disease burden of cancer in every state of India. Therefore, a part of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study was carried out in India. This study has been used to understand the variation in state-level burden of cancer as compared to the global burden

#WorldNoTobaccoDay: 40% of cancer cases in India caused due to tobacco use

As per the Globocan 2018 data:

The total new cases in India were 11,57,294 in 2018 

India witnessed a 15.7% rise in cancer cases over the numbers reported in 2012. 

The number of cancer-related deaths also went up by 12.1% to 7,84,821 in 2018. 

Cancer of the lip and oral cavity demonstrated a remarkable increase of 114.2% in the number of cases 

While cervical cancer witnessed a reduction of 21.2%

As per the data shared by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), the number of cancer cases in India has gone up to 11,57,294 in the past six years, as compared to 10 lakh in 2012.

Also, the comparison of Globocan 2018, and GBD data indicates that prostate cancer is the third most common cancer in men, in Delhi, although it does not come in the top five cancers among men at the national level. Similarly, gallbladder cancer comes at third place in the number of cases detected among women in Delhi.

While speaking to the press, Padma Shri Prof. Balram Bhargava, Director – General, ICMR, Secretary, Department of Health Research Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, GOI, said, “This is the first time, anywhere in the world, that a journal has published a special supplement on smokeless tobacco.”

“The total number of new cancer cases has gone up from 10,00,000 in 2012 to 11,57,294 in 2018, an increase of about 16%,” said Prof. Ravi Mehrotra, Director, ICMR-National Institute of Cancer Prevention and Research, Noida. He was presenting data from GLOBOCAN published recently by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC).

Dr Mehrotra further added, “Increase in awareness, better screening and treatment facilities, later age at marriage, a lesser number of pregnancies and improved hygiene leading to fewer infections are some of the key factors contributing to the decline in the number of deaths from cervical cancer.”

Dr Mansingh Pawar, Nodal Officer of Atal Oral Health Mission, Maharashtra, said, “Consumption of tobacco and different forms of tobacco is the major contributory factor in the increase of oral cancer cases. Around 15 to 25 percent of the youths are addicted to tobacco and smokeless tobacco. Oral cancer is curable if early diagnosis, at the pre-cancerous stage, is done.”