“Genetically, South Asians are predisposed to obesity. Also with an overwhelming population, there is an added burden. Which basically means, even if I say 1 per cent of you guys are obese, it’s more than 1/4th of many countries,” said Dr Manoel Galvao Neto, Affiliate Professor of Surgery at ABC College of Medicine in Canto Andrew in Sao Paulo, Brazil
“So, obesity was thought of a disease in the other side of the world but has reached India, China and Japan. But now, it is becoming widespread. And South Asia specific, it is becoming a huge problem,” he added.
He also explained that, now with wealth and accesses to food, everybody is eating what they want.
“Earlier they would eat what was necessary. So genetically, it is more selective. So it would basically mean, with the same Body Mass Index (BMI), it would affect someone from India more than it would affect somebody from America.”
As obesity is spreading rapidly, there’s a reason to control it immediately.
“We have a lot of people who are becoming obese. So, we look for exercise but for people with comorbidities, surgery is the best option. Morbid obese population needs something that is more effective and safe. But if it can come with scarless intervention or something that doesn’t need the surgery, the healing is faster and safer. We help develop in the world what is called endoscopic suturing. Endoscopy is used in this.”
The newest addition to this is scarless bariatric endoscopy, an endoscopy procedure which doesn’t require a surgery.
“The future of GI is this. Going ahead with loads of breakthroughs wherein there is no need for extensive and long surgeries or complications,” added Dr Neto.
BMI that is eligible for this is between, 30-40 in the Eastern parts. For South Pacific regions we look around 27-35.