A recent study has found that non-obese and lean persons may be prone to type-2 diabetes. The study found that while most diabetics in the West are also overweight and obese, in India, nearly 20 to 30 percent diabetics are non-obese, and even some are lean.
The results of the study were published in a journal – Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Research & Reviews. The research team included Shajith Anoop, Anoop Misra, Surya Prakash Bhatt, Seema Gulati, and Harsh Mahajan.
In a news report, published by India Science Wire, Dr Anoop Misra, chairman Fortis C-DOC, who led the study, said, “Indians have normal weight, high body fat, and low muscle mass. They are not overtly obese but have not only high body fat, but fat which is located in the vital organs of metabolism, liver, and pancreas. Once this occurs, the action of the insulin hormone becomes jeopardised, and blood sugar starts increasing,”
“Indian physicians should urge their patients to reduce weight even when they have normal Body Mass Index (BMI), to maintain body habitus at leaner side. It could prevent diabetes in those who do not have, and blood sugar levels are better managed in patients with diabetes,” he added, in the same news report.
Dr Nitin Gade, a diabetologist from Pune, said, “Diabetes in non-obese people is the new area of study these days. When lifestyle and obesity are prominent causes behind type-2 diabetes, other factors such as body structure, environment, genetics are also playing its role in diabetes.”