Negative effects of plastic on human health

There are many chemicals that are added during production of plastic. Though all the health hazards are not yet known, plastic can be a cause for many hazards in humans. Today, while we cannot escape exposure to plastic, it poses a threat to all of us

Negative effects of plastic on human health

A study published by Australian scientist in July 2017, had investigated some chemicals commonly found in plastics. They demonstrated a link between higher levels of these chemicals in urine and increases in cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and hypertension in men.

Through bio-monitoring, chemicals in plastics, such as BPA, and phthalates, have been identified in the human population. Some of the chemicals used in plastic production can cause dermatitis upon contact with human skin.

BPA is an endocrine disruptor. BPA can behave in a similar way to estrogen and other hormones in the human body.

There is a correlation found in presence of BPA chemical in human body and disruption in fertility, reproduction, sexual maturation, and other health effects. BPA has also found to be disrupting sex hormones. BPA can decrease thyroid hormone receptor (TR) activity.

Fast facts on bisphenol A, or BPA

  • BPA is present all around us in the environment and in manufactured products.
  • Research has linked exposure to fertility problems, male impotence, heart disease and other conditions.
  • Some reports say that current levels of BPA are low and not a danger to humans.
  • Tips for avoiding exposure include breastfeeding infants and not buying food in plastic packaging.

Dr Sushil Gandhi, a general physician at Jehangir Hospital, Pune, said, “A positive step is taken by the Maharashtra government to save environment from hazardous toxic plastic material and helping mankind to stay healthy. As plastic has chemicals, it’s exposure to humans causes health issues.”

Dr Savita Patil, physician from Pune, said, “Many of the health hazards are not tested yet. But, there are many dangers as it can enter into humans and animal through the food chain.”