Mumbai has been experiencing continuous rainfall since the last two days. Though the city didn’t come to standstill as it had on August 29, incidences of waterlogging have been reported from many parts of the city.
Taking this situation into account the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) has taken steps to prevent the epidemic of leptospirosis in the city. It is distributing doxycycline in the high-risk areas.
“There was waterlogging in some parts of the city. Considering this situation we have undertaken a drive to distribute doxycycline in high-risk areas to prevent the epidemic of leptospirosis. From the evening of September 20, the drive has begun,” informed Dr Mini Khetarpal, epidemiology in-charge at the BMC.
Leptospirosis is one of the most widespread diseases transmitted by animals to humans. The infection is generally transmitted to humans by water that has been contaminated by animal urine which comes in contact with humans through unhealed breaks in the skin, the eyes, or with the mucous membranes. According to the experts, this may raise the risk of leptospirosis in Mumbai.
“People should not ignore the symptoms. In case of fever, they should visit a doctor. Such measures will help to detect the infection early,” Dr Khetarpal added.
What are the symptoms of leptospirosis?
- A headache and fever
- Chills and muscle pain
- Organ failure
- Internal bleeding
If you were exposed to flood water then check your category from below and consult a doctor.
Low-risk exposure: Individuals with just a single instance of wading in flood or contaminated water without wounds, cuts or open lesions of the skin.
Dosage: Doxycycline 200 mg single dose within 24 to 72 hours from exposure
Moderate exposure: Individuals with a single instance of wading in flood or contaminated water with the presence of wounds, cuts, or open lesions of the skin, or accidental ingestion of contaminated water.
Dosage: Doxycycline 200 mg once daily for 3 to 5 days to be started immediately within 24 to 72 hours from exposure
High-risk exposure: Covers those individuals with continuous exposure of wading in flood or contaminated water with or without wounds, cuts or open lesions of the skin.
Swimming in flooded waters, especially in urban areas infested with domestic/sewer rats and ingestion of contaminated water, are also considered high-risk exposures.
Dosage: Doxycycline 200 mg once weekly for 6 weeks