Metros witness higher number of NCD cases, finds study

According to data provided by the health ministry to the Lok Sabha, Non-Communicable Diseases (NCD’s) are responsible for 58 lakhs deaths in 2016. 61 per cent deaths in India occurred due to the NCD’s in 2016

Metros experience higher number of NCD cases, finds study
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  • A survey done by the BMC revealed that in Mumbai, around 2.70 lakh people are suffering to NCD’s, such as diabetes, hypertension and heart diseases
  • As per the report, Thane to has witnessed over 10 thousand deaths in the past three years due to heart ailments

The figures are indeed shocking. The experts said that the NCD’s are rising due to the faulty lifestyle in the metro cities.

NCD’s are not just limited to Indian cities but also a growing problem for India, Speaking at the  Centenary Celebrations of Medical Education programme of Christian Medical College, Tamil Nadu, the President of India, Ram Nath Kovind stated,  “First, India has to reduce maternal and infant mortality as well as communicable diseases such as tuberculosis, vector-borne diseases such as malaria, water-borne diseases such as cholera, diarrhoeal diseases, and vaccine-preventable diseases like measles and tetanus.”

He added,  “Second, India has to find an answer to the rise in non-communicable or lifestyle diseases – like diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and many cancers. And finally we need to develop systems to detect and cope with new and re-emerging infectious diseases like HIV, avian flu and H1N1 influenza. In a globalised world, with people travelling in and out of our country in larger and larger numbers, a f”ew small cases can very quickly scale up into a large outbreak.”

The Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) has prepared a comprehensive report after studying the NCD’s pattern since 2015 to 2017. The BMC has included 4 major, 15 peripheral hospitals and 175 dispensaries in this study.

The study was done by the team of doctors lead Dr Seema Bansode-Goghe, a doctor from the community medicine department of the civic-run Sion Hospital.

As per the study report:

  • Among Mumbai’s major hospitals
  • 30 lakhs Mumbaikars were found diabetic
  • 27 lakh people were suffering from hypertension
  • And close to 42,000 people were suffering from the heart ailments
  • And in the peripheral hospital, 1.04 lakh people have sought the treatment for diabetes and over 84,000 have taken treatment for hypertension

Experts say, NCD’s are on the rise in the metros, and the main cause behind is the wrong lifestyle patterns which people follow.

Dr Pradeep Ghadge, a diabetologist in Mumbai said, “There is an alarming rise in diabetes among the young generation. People are suffering from diabetes as they are not following the proper diet and many of them do not exercise at all. And the only reason to the rise in NCD’s is a faulty lifestyle. Nowadays, people also work in night shifts, they do not get proper sleep. Diabetes is associated with your lifestyle, and if you want to beat diabetes then you have to follow the proper lifestyle.”

Associate professor of the surgery department, and cardiologist, attached to Sion Hospital, Dr Balaji Ironi says, “In today’s scenario our everyday life is very hectic. Everyone is living a stressful life. Owing to which the heart ailments are on the rise in cities. People should have nutritious food, live a stress-free life and exercise regularly to beat the NCD’s.”

Non-communicable diseases in Mumbai are on the rise, but Thane is not far behind Mumbai. Cardiologist Dr Vijay said, “Not only Mumbai but the NCD’s are on the rise in all major cities. Less exercise and more stress are the two major contributing factors behind the rising heart and other ailments. If you want to beat the NCD’s then you should have food rich in protein, and exercise for about 45 minutes per day.”