A recently released ICMR report titled “India: Health of nation’s states” says that non-communicable diseases is the leading cause of deaths in Maharashtra.
The report shows that the life expectancy in the females and males has increased from 55 and 55 in 1990 to 69 and 65 in 2016 respectively. It highlights the change in the risk factors for deaths from 1990 to 2016. While malnutrition was the leading risk factors earlier it’s place has now been taken by dietary risks, followed by high blood pressure and then by malnutrition.
The report revealed that around 65 per cent of deaths were reported and cause behind those deaths were non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Communicable diseases forms 24 per cent, while the injuries form 12 per cent as the cause behind total deaths reported in Maharashtra.
Even though the malnutrition was not the leading risk factor in 2016, the main cause for the total years lived with disabilities was iron deficiency, as pointed out by the report.
Iron deficiency is followed by organ disorders, low back pain, migraine and depression disorders.
Dr Ramesh Bhosale, Head Of Gynaecology department of B J Medical College, said, “It shows that communicable type of diseases are better controlled with better control of infectious diseases and better use of antibiotics. With hypertension becoming common incidence of non-communicable diseases is increasing. Also, the main cause for years lived with disease is still anaemia and so malnutrition should be tackled effectively. If there are more sick people in the country that means the healthy working days are lost and it affects national income in a negative way.”
Dr Prakash Marathe, President of IMA, Pune, said, “The government now has to come up with a targeted program for non-communicable diseases. Also, citizens need to change their lifestyle in order to live a healthy life.”