The surge in the production of the female hormones estrogen and progesterone that occurs during menstruation increases the blood flow to the gums. In this process the gum tissues become red, soft, swollen and tender, further leading to conditions like bad breath, bleeding gums, bleeding while tooth brushing, gingival pain and discomfort while chewing hard foods. This condition is experienced one or two days before the onset of menstrual cycle and gradually it decreases with the start of menstruation.
Below mentioned guidelines will help in plummeting the problem:
- Brushing without failing: Regularly brush your teeth using a soft nylon-bristle toothbrush, brush at least twice daily. Circular brushing motion or a straight downward motion is the best way to clean your teeth.
- Tongue cleaning: This is a mandatory step which helps to collect and clean the bacteria that sticks in our tongue.
- Floss your Teeth: Make sure to floss every time, after you done with brushing your teeth. This helps to reduce plaque built-up between your teeth.
- Rinsing with mouthwash: Helps in curing gum inflammation
Pregnancy, menopause, and birth control pills other than menstruation are the few causes of hormonal fluctuation ensuing into gingivitis. It can also occur due to certain long term consumption of medicines like anti-epileptic drugs and certain anti-hypertensive drugs. Later it may result into periodontitis. This can also turn out as one of the biggest threats to our heart and can lead to sever heart diseases.
The author is an Aesthetic Dentist at Dentzz Dental Care Centres