Know about urinary tract infection, its causes, symptoms and remedies

Urinary tract infections are caused by microbes such as bacteria overcoming the body's defences in the urinary tract. They can affect the kidneys, bladder, and the tubes that run between them. Women are at greater risk of developing a UTI than are men. Infection limited to your bladder can be painful and annoying. Doctors typically treat urinary tract infections with antibiotics

Know about urinary tract infection, its causes, symptoms and remedies
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Urinary tract infection, also referred to as UTI, is caused due to the microbes such as bacteria infecting the urinary tract. The majority of the urinary tract infections are caused by the E-coli bacteria, which is usually found in the digestive system of a human body. Sometimes women face recurrent UTI’s as well. People of any sex and age can develop a urinary tract infection.

One of the main reasons for the UTI infection is not drinking enough water. Also, those women who have low immune power can also be contacted with this.

Facts on urinary tract infection

  • Women have a lifetime risk of over 50 per cent of developing a urinary tract infection (UTI).
  • Common symptoms include a strong, frequent urge to urinate and a painful and burning sensation when urinating.
  • A UTI is usually diagnosed based on symptoms and testing of a urine sample.
  • UTIs can be cured with 2 to 3 days of treatment.

Risk factor for urinary tract infection

  • Poor personal hygiene
  • Lack of immunity
  • Kidney stones
  • Sexual intercourse

Symptoms of urinary tract infection

  • Pain or burning sensation while urinating.
  • Having frequent and strong urges of urinating.
  • Drastic change in colour of urine.
  • Pain in the waist and abdomen.

What precautions should be taken by people

  • Drink plenty of water.
  • Don’t hold in urine for long periods of time.
  • Keep the urinary tract clean and maintain the hygiene.
  • Wear cotton cloths.

Urinary tract infections can occur at anytime and can affect women of any age. Apart from water, women suffering from UTIs should can also have coconut water and lime juice.

The author is a Gynaecologist and Dean of Mumbai’s Cama and Albless Hospital.