Recently published research in The Lancet, has found that, having a demanding job and little control over it is associated with an increased risk of premature death in men with coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes. This is one of the first large scale study; done with sample size of 1lakh people and recommends stress management to avoid cardiometabolic disease.
The observational study that was done on 1 lakh people from Finland, France, Sweden, and the UK for almost 14 years was published last week in The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology journal. While there was association between any kind of work stress and premature death in men, it was not found in women.
Women with or without cardiometabolic disease, showed no association between work stress and premature death in the study. For those men who already had cardiometabolic diseases, the risk of premature death because of work stress was higher than for men without cardiometabolic disease.
The findings give evidence for there being a link between job strain and risk of premature death in men with cardiometabolic diseases, such as coronary heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.
The study suggests that controlling blood pressure and cholesterol levels is not enough, but things like stress management should be given priority.
“Indians are also going through a lot of work stress. There are jobs where working hours and demands of job are way too higher than an employee can take. In some jobs, employees are not rewarded enough and this leads to stress. We see many patients, especially those who are working in service sector, coming to us with psychological issues caused due to their profession,” said Dr Kaustubh Joag, Psychiatrist at Ruby Hall Clinic, Pune.
“For cardiometabolic diseases, people normally associate factors like lifestyle, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, obesity, physical inactivity, and high alcohol consumption, as the cause. But, work stress is also an important cause behind cardiometabolic disease. Things like job redesign, reducing working hours should be tried,” said, Dr Syed Pasha, head of emergency department, Jehangir Hospital, Pune.