When it comes to birth control, women usually stick to the pill or the partner uses a condom during coitus; there are however alternatives to prevent pregnancies. Birth control is not purely a woman’s responsibility; men too have means to prevent pregnancies.
Now, Indians scientists have made a new male contraceptive option which can ensure that a man plays a more proactive role in family planning. In the past, a vasectomy was the only option for a man, if he wanted to stop having children. Researchers at the ICMR have now made an injection which could act as male birth control.
With this medical innovation, men don’t need to undergo vasectomy surgery now. With one simple injection, men can help prevent unwanted pregnancies.
A clinical trial in relation with this has just been concluded. Soon, it is likely that the union health ministry will give an approval for its use in the country.
The injection is called as Reversible Inbishan of Sperm Under Guidance (RISUG). A scientist from IIT has invented a drug which has been used in the injection. It’s a type of synthetic polymer. The injection is given on the nerves from which the sperms travel. After application of the injection, the sperms will break into pieces and won’t help in the process of fertilisation.
While speaking to My Medical Mantra, Dr R S Sharma, a researcher from the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), said, “The injection has been tested on 303 males, who had participated in the study. The study has been going on since the past 25 years on the animals and humans. We have submitted the findings related to the research to the Union Health Ministry.”
Dr R S Sharma further stated, “The injection is given on the nerves which produce sperm. So, the production of semen decreases. The injection has proved to be effective on 95% of the men who had participated in the study. Only 5% of the men have shown no effect, even after being injected.”
In 2015-16, Maharashtra had carried out 18 % of the total vasectomies, a minimally-invasive surgery for male birth control.