Toothache can make life painful and high costs of dental treatment aggravate the pain. Soon this pain will ease, as India will get an indigenously developed and manufactured Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA), an important chemical in dental treatment. The Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai has joined hands with Swargiya Dadasaheb Kalmegh Smruti Dental College, Nagpur to develop an import alternative of MTA.
MTA is far better in properties than other materials. It is biocompatible, means it is not harmful or toxic to the living tissues. When MTA is used as a root-end filling material, it shows less leakage than other materials. Also, it reduces the risk of bacterial infection.
However, MTA is more expensive than the other materials and not all can afford it. “I am a student of Institute if Chemical Technology and thoroughly know MTS’s merits. We initiated this project because of its high prices. We still need to import MTA from an American company and it is available at very high cost in the market. As per my knowledge, one gm of MTA costs around Rs 5,000. So Kalmegh Dental College collaborated with ICT to develop an import alternative of MTA. We will provide all the clinical support they need for the research,” said Sharad Kalmegh, Founder of Swargiya Dadasaheb Kalmegh Smruti Dental College. The main aim of the developers is to make MTA available at affordable rates.
The project will proceed under the guidance of Professor Dr Shashank Mhaske from Department of Polymer and Surface Coating, ICT.
Dr GD Yadav, the Vice Chancellor of Institute of Chemical Technology, expressed his optimism to develop MTA as soon as possible. “We are planning complete this project within next 2-3 years. There are several aspects which are included in the research that’s why we cannot give a definitive time limit for its completion, but I am sure that our team will complete it in given time.”
MTA is widely used in dental treatment. It plays an important role in root canal treatment, but due to its cost, many patients can’t afford it. “We regularly use MTA. It is costlier than the other substances. Currently we use MTA manufactured by an American company which is of good quality. Of course, one can buy MTA at cheaper rate from Brazilian company, but the quality will be compromised. So, it is a welcome step if it is being developed and manufactured India,” said Dr PD Joshi, an Endodontist.