- Among the sexually transmitted diseases, the prevalence of syphilis has gone up, while HIV/AIDS has decreased.
- In an answer to the question in Lok Sabha, the Minister of Health, revealed the statistics about incidence of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD’s) in India.
- The incidence of HIV/AIDS is 2.23 lakh, 2 lakh, 1.93 lakh in 2014-15, 2015-16, 2016-17 respectively.
- While the incidence of other STDs like syphilis is 22.5 lakh, 25.1 lakh, 28 lakh in 2014-15 2015-16, 2016-17 respectively.
- The present prevalence rate of HIV in India is 0.25% among adult population. In respect to syphilis prevalence, the prevalence rate is not maintained centrally. However, present sero-positivity of syphilis among pregnant women in 2016-17 is 0.10%.
The reply mentioned that the government of India has taken multiple initiatives to create awareness about STDs through multi-media approach of mass media, mid-media and on-ground mobilisation and inter-personal communications.
360 degree media campaigns have been rolled out on 7 thematic areas for increasing awareness, HIV prevention as well as for demand generation of services.
National toll-free Helpline 1097 is operational ‘24 by 7’ for 365 days a year in 12 languages. Besides, mobile application has been launched by Government of India for accessing correct information about HIV/AIDS and related services.
Bindu Madhav Khire, LGBT and health activist from Pune, said, “The government has done a lot of awareness campaign on HIV for the last few years. But there is not much awareness about other Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI’s). Also, different online platforms are offering easy access for sex these days and so there is rapid spread of STI’s that can be seen.”