India: Sex ratio at birth dips in 17 of 21 large states, Maha records 18 point fall

On Friday, a health report card released by the Centre which found that girl-to-boy sex ratios at birth have declined in 17 of 21 large states, signalling their failure to curb the selective abortion of female foetuses after illegal sex disclosure

India: Sex ratio at birth dips in 17 of 21 large states, Maha records 18 point fall

  • Sex ratio is the proportion of males to females in a given population, usually expressed as the number of males per 100 females at a specific stage in life, especially at conception, birth, and a given stage between birth and death.

The sex ratio at birth (SRB) witnessed a decline in 17 out of 21 large states of the country, with Maharashtra dropping 18 points.

The report pointed out that Gujarat recorded a startling dip of 53 points.

The report released by Niti Aayog stressed upon the need to keep a tab on sex-selective abortion.

In accordance with the report, from the 17 states which recorded a considerable drop of 10 points or more, in Gujarat the sex ratio fell to 854 females from 907 females per 1,000 males born registering a drop of 53 points from 2012-14 (base year) to 2013-15 (reference year) in this indicator

The Healthy States, Progressive India report stated, Gujarat was followed by Haryana, which registered a drop of 35 points, Rajasthan (32 points), Uttarakhand (27 points), Maharashtra (18 points), Himachal Pradesh (14 points), Chhattisgarh (drop of 12 points), and Karnataka (11 points).

Sex ratio at birth is an important indicator and reflects the extent to which there is reduction in number of girl children born by sex-selective abortions.

States which saw an improvement in their sex-ratio included Punjab, which registered a rise of 19 points, followed by Uttar Pradesh (10 points) and Bihar (9 points).

State 2013-15 2012-14 2011-13 2010-12 2009-11 2008-10 2007-09 2006-08 2005-07
Andhra Pradesh 918 919 916 914 915 920 919 917 915
Assam 900 918 920 922 926 928 931 933 939
Bihar 916 907 911 909 910 912 917 914 909
Chhattisgarh 961 973 970 979 991 985 980 975 969
Delhi 869 876 887 884 880 884 882 877 871
Gujarat 854 907 911 909 909 903 904 898 891
Haryana 831 866 864 857 854 848 849 847 843
Himachal Pradesh 924 938 943 939 938 942 944 938 931
Jammu & Kashmir 899 899 902 895 880 873 870 862 854
Jharkhand 902 910 913 918 915 919 921 922 927
Karnataka 939 950 958 950 945 943 944 935 926
Kerala 967 974 966 966 965 966 968 964 958
Madhya Pradesh 919 927 920 921 920 921 926 919 913
Maharashtra 878 896 902 896 893 895 896 884 871
Odisha 950 953 956 948 946 938 941 937 933
Punjab 889 870 867 863 841 832 836 836 837
Rajasthan 861 893 893 893 878 877 875 870 865
Tamil Nadu 911 921 927 928 926 927 929 936 944
Uttar Pradesh 879 869 878 874 875 870 874 877 881
Uttarakhand 844 871
West Bengal 951 952 943 944 941 938 944 941 936
India 900 906 909 908 906 905 906 904 901
Source: Sample Registration System