- Sex ratio is the proportion of males to females in a given population, usually expressed as the number of males per 100 females at a specific stage in life, especially at conception, birth, and a given stage between birth and death.
The sex ratio at birth (SRB) witnessed a decline in 17 out of 21 large states of the country, with Maharashtra dropping 18 points.
The report pointed out that Gujarat recorded a startling dip of 53 points.
The report released by Niti Aayog stressed upon the need to keep a tab on sex-selective abortion.
In accordance with the report, from the 17 states which recorded a considerable drop of 10 points or more, in Gujarat the sex ratio fell to 854 females from 907 females per 1,000 males born registering a drop of 53 points from 2012-14 (base year) to 2013-15 (reference year) in this indicator
The Healthy States, Progressive India report stated, Gujarat was followed by Haryana, which registered a drop of 35 points, Rajasthan (32 points), Uttarakhand (27 points), Maharashtra (18 points), Himachal Pradesh (14 points), Chhattisgarh (drop of 12 points), and Karnataka (11 points).
Sex ratio at birth is an important indicator and reflects the extent to which there is reduction in number of girl children born by sex-selective abortions.
States which saw an improvement in their sex-ratio included Punjab, which registered a rise of 19 points, followed by Uttar Pradesh (10 points) and Bihar (9 points).
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|Source: Sample Registration System|