- India has reported the highest number of childhood tuberculosis cases in the world for the last three consecutive years.
- The reported number of childhood tuberculosis cases in 2015, 2016 and 2017 is 99,133, 1,04,886 and 1,05,568 respectively as per WHO Global TB report database.
- Contact investigations are carried out to identify and treat TB among child contacts of TB patients.
- Overcrowding and poor ventilation can also help spread tuberculosis in cities like Mumbai.
Isoniazid (INH) chemoprophylaxis is being given to children below six years of age, who are contacts of TB patients and do not have active TB. Nearly 38,745 children started on TB preventive therapy in 2017.
Bedaquiline drug was introduced in India in 2016 under conditional access programme for selective group of the Multi drug resistant TB patients based on drug sensitivity results of second line anti-TB drugs.