‘In last five years 28 lakh unit of blood disposed’

Replying to a question put forth in the Lok Sabha, Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare, Anupriya Patel, stated the reasons for discarding blood and blood components, amidst blood shortage in India

‘In last five years 28 lakh unit of blood disposed’
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While India faces a shortfall of about 30 lakh units of blood annually, yet in the last five years over 28 lakh units of blood and its components were discarded by blood banks across India.

Addressing the Lok Sabha regarding this issue, Anupriya Patel, the Minister of State in the Ministry of Health and Family, presented the following figures.

No. of Units

S.No Details                                    2014-15       2015-16      2016-17

1        Whole Blood                         209,378       212,689      150,567

2        Packed Cells                          132,211       195,230      174,848

3        Platelet Concentrate              388,055       488,155      524,378

4        Plasma (FFP and Liquid       289,451        381,584      332,061

In total                                                1,019,095    1,277,658   1,181,854

The reasons for discard of blood and blood components:

  • Reactivity for infections ( Malaria, Syphilis, HIV, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C)
  • Expiry due to outdating, especially for platelets which have a short shelf life of only 5 days.
  • Deterioration during storage in the form of discoloration, haemolysis, bacterial contamination.
  • Not meeting quality parameters after collection and production
  • Non-completion of blood collection in requisite quantities due to donor reactions.

Steps being taken to check undue discard of blood/blood components:

  • All licensed blood banks are asked to collect whole blood and prepare components as per their requirement and utilisation capacity and the same is monitored by State Food and Drugs Authority.
  • Organisations conducting large blood donation camps with collection of greater than 500 units in one day or involving more than one State are to seek permission from respective State Blood Transfusion Council or National Blood Transfusion Council for deputation of adequate teams from licensed blood banks to avoid wastage due to over collection.
  • Extant rules permit transfer of blood and blood components between licensed blood banks to optimize the utilization and iron out the surplus/shortage.
  • States have been asked to send surplus plasma available with licensed blood banks for plasma fractionation to avoid wastage
  • Under E- Rakt Kosh application, blood banks have been asked to share status of availability of blood and component units online for easy access by general public to avoid wastage.