Mumbaikars, your city is giving you high cholesterol

This survey brings a warning to all the health-conscious people of Mumbai. In a recent study conducted in 5 cities of India – Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Kolkata and Chandigarh – shows that cholesterol levels are a concern for Mumbai with more than 38% people having high cholesterol, which is more than any other city.

A research-backed India’s lifestyle score shows India reporting a healthy lifestyle score of 68. While Bangalore leads with a score of 71, Mumbai’s healthy lifestyle score was found to be 67.

What is cholesterol?

In simple terms, cholesterol is a type of fat found in the blood. It is needed for the body to work properly. The liver produces cholesterol and it is also received from food like meat, fish, eggs, butter, cheese, and whole or low-fat milk. It is a waxy, fat-like substance, but if you have too much cholesterol in the blood, it can combine with other substances in the blood and stick to the walls of the arteries. It is called a plaque and plaque can clog the arteries and make the passage very narrow or even block them.

Healthy cholesterol and unhealthy cholesterol

cholesterol
Pic courtesy: http://menshealthnz.org.nz/

However, as they say anything in excess is harmful and so, eating too much of it is a bad idea, especially for those people whose bodies already make too much cholesterol. High cholesterol levels in the blood can increase the risk of heart disease. If the clogging gets worse over many years, it can cause damage to important body parts, like the heart (heart attack) and brain (stroke). Both kids and adults can have too much cholesterol in their blood.

There are two main types of cholesterol. Most cholesterol is LDL (low-density lipoprotein) cholesterol, and it is more likely to clog blood vessels as it carries the cholesterol away from the liver into the bloodstream, where it can stick to the blood vessels. The second type is HDL (high-density lipoprotein) cholesterol, which carries the cholesterol back to the liver where it is broken down.