Wearing an ‘ISI’ mark full face helmet can save you from head injuries: NIMHANS study

The study was conducted by NIMHANS (National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bengaluru.  A total number of 220 cases of road accidents were included in the study for a period of 3 years. The study states, those who were wearing (Indian Standard) 'ISI' mark full face helmet none of them had head injuries

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In is well known that riding a bike without a helmet is an open invitation for danger, wearing a helmet is paramount for safety, but did you know that not every helmet guarantees your safety. But, wearing a good quality of ‘ISI’ mark helmet can save your life.

The study was performed to study the effectiveness of helmet as a protective gear in preventing fatal head injury among two wheeler riders in road traffic injuries.

In this study, the researchers studied the usage of helmet among two wheeler rider/ pillion riders, type of helmet they wore on the day of the accident, head injury pattern in them among others to find out the effectiveness of helmet.

A total number of 220 cases were included in the study for a period of 3 years. Statistically, significant observations were made in the study which proved that a Indian Standard (ISI) full face helmet is very effective in reducing the fatal head injury in two-wheeler accidents.

Among the cases included in the study, all the cases involved in two-wheeler injuries were males, with the majority (46.8%) of them aged between 21- 30years

The study states, ‘50.90% of two-wheeler rider/pillion rider were wearing Helmet at the time of the crash and among them, 24 persons out of 112 were wearing a full face helmet, 9 were wearing open face helmet and 79 persons were not wearing any helmet.

It is further observed that among 112 cases studied in our study, only 15 persons were wearing ISI standard full face helmet.

Among 15 cases who were wearing ISI standard full-face helmet, none of them had the head injury which reflects the protective accountability of Helmets in two-wheeler riders/ pillion riders.’

With this study, it is clear that the use of protective equipment like helmets play a pivotal role in preventing fatal head injury among two-wheeler occupants in road traffic injuries. Therefore, to conclude, we recommend full face ISI standard Helmet to be made compulsory for both two-wheeler riders and pillion riders to effectively reduce the fatality due to road traffic injuries involving two-wheelers, instead of Non-ISI standard helmets and half helmets which are commonly seen in Indian population.

The researchers who played a pivotal role in this study were Yadukul , Assistant Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, at Chamarajanagar Institute of Medical Sciences, Chamarajanagar.

Devadass Dean & Director, Bangalore Medical College & Research Institute, Bengaluru.

Gururaj, Professor & Head, Department of Epidemiology, WHO Collaborating Centre for Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion, NIMHANS (National Institute of Mental Health & Neurological Sciences), Bengaluru.