Hyperglycaemia is a term describing excess levels of glucose or sugar in your blood, a defining characteristic of diabetes. It can be caused by a variety of reasons such as skipping insulin, dietary patterns, activity levels, or certain kinds of illnesses.
Mildly elevated levels are typically not a cause for concern. But notably high blood sugar should be detected and addressed as early as possible. If left untreated over a long period, it can cause serious damage to the nerves and organs. Those with type 1 diabetes may be at risk of experiencing a life-threatening condition called ketoacidosis.
Here are some of the important signs of hyperglycaemia to watch out for.
If your mouth feels unusually dry and you happen to be feeling more thirsty than usual, it may be a sign of dehydration due to hyperglycemia. Due to the extra sugar in your blood, your body may attempt to get rid of it through the means of excessive urination. And of course, a side effect of that is losing a lot of water as well.
Unexplained weight loss
The glucose from your blood needs to be converted into energy with the help of insulin. But if you do not have enough insulin, the glucose remains in the blood. As a result, fat and muscle will be burned instead to provide enough energy for the body.
So if you find that you are losing a noticeable amount of weight without any known cause, it may be worth getting your blood sugar levels checked out. It is advisable to see a doctor if you have unintentionally lost more than 5 per cent of your normal body weight in six to 12 months or less.
Tiredness and pain
Fatigue is a rather ambiguous symptom – it can indicate both high as well as low blood sugar levels according to Deena Adimoolam, M.D., assistant professor of endocrinology at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai.
In some cases, the constant tiredness could also be accompanied by pain in the abdomen, numb toes and tingling fingers. Your skin may also experience some irritation by becoming dry, cracked, and itchy.
Not able to read this article too clearly? There is a good chance it could be the result of computer eye strain, nearsightedness, or headaches. But it could also be a sign of diabetic retinopathy.
The condition is characterised by swelling of blood vessels in the retina, caused by high blood sugar levels. Since the condition could develop in anyone who has type 1 or type 2 diabetes, the American Diabetes Association recommended people should see an eye care professional at least once a year for a dilated eye exam.
Source: Medical Daily