Here’s how to manage a sore throat and prevent infections

Sore throats can be painful and annoying. Fortunately, most sore throats are caused by a minor illness and go away without medical treatment. The best way to prevent sore throats is to avoid the germs that cause them and practice good hygiene. If a sore throat is persistent, you must see a doctor

Here’s how to manage a sore throat and prevent infections
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The last two months of 2017 brought along cold winds and the city experienced the chills, a sure sign that winter was here. Although the festive season has ended and the New Year has begun, Mumbai has also experienced a shift in temperature conditions; it remains a fluctuating weather timetable.

Due to the impact of change in weather conditions ranging from 21°C to 34°C, especially during the night and early mornings. A lot of Mumbaikars have been experiencing the seasonal flu. Out of which, a majority of people have visited their physician complaining about a sore throat.

While about 15 to 20% of Mumbaikars across age groups have been affected with this problem, it is more commonly seen amongst schoolgoing children and infants.

Here’s how to manage a sore throat and prevent infections
Dr Rajesh Gokani

The most common allergies identified are allergy rhinitis (running nose, fever, sneezing and watering of eyes) as well as viral pharyngitis (pain while swallowing, cold and cough).

You should consider the following steps to treat your sore throat and to avoid any further infections:

Morning walks can be avoidable: Due to the dust and dew in the morning air, especially around 5:00 am. One can go for a walk post 6:30 or 7:00 am

Avoid antibiotics: Unless the temperature is high or if a person experiences breathlessness and high grade fever. In this regard, it is best to visit your doctor for guided treatment, do not self-medicate

Follow the dosage as prescribed: Avoid neglecting your course once your problems ceases. It is important to complete the entire course

Ditch the junk: One must avoid junk, fried food and cold drinks

Home intervention: One can have tulsi or ginger tea, salt water gargling and sips of hot water frequently during the day could also help

Eat right: To boost immunity, drinking water with a tinge of honey will help fight the mucous accumulated in the lungs.

The author is a General Physician at SL Raheja Hospital