Other factors include unhygienic sexual practices, ignorance about the proper cleaning method of the female genitals, lack of proper toilets, inadequate bathing facilities.
Dr Ramakant Deshpande, Medical Oncologist, Asian Cancer Institute, said, “Curative treatment can be offered in early stages of cancer cervix with the help of either surgery, radiation, or combination of these. In late stages chemotherapy, maybe required along with surgery or radiotherapy. Most of the hospitals are equipped to treat effectively these cancers without impacting the quality of life.”
Dr Meghal Sanghavi, Surgical Oncologist Wockhardt Hospital, Mumbai Central, said, “Incidence is increasing because cancer is picking up at an early age and awareness is also high among youngsters, celebrities and socialites. But also, treatment options are increasing surgically better compared to before.”
Dr Meghal Sanghavi, stated, “Due to early stage detection one can conserve breast. A doctor can only decide breast conservation is safe or not for their patient. Breast conservation surgery is equally safe as mastectomy or complete removal of breast, also a lot of eligible patients can avoid chemotherapy with the availability of test called oncotype Dx which decides if chemotherapy will benefit them or not. We have observed 70-75% patients conserve breast in breast cancer treatment.”
“Newer chemotherapy drugs with proper counselling and good nutrition have much lesser side effects compared to before. Newer radiation modalities now only target the diseased area avoiding side effects to the surrounding normal organs,” informed Dr Sanghavi.
She concluded saying, “With the availability of new drugs and targeted therapies available even the stage 4 patients live a better quality of life. With subtle lifestyle changes it’s for everyone to note that breast cancer patients can now live a dignified and active lifestyle that they lived before.”