A recent report released by United Nations (UN) has highlighted the harsh reality. According to the report, global hunger is on the rise again and it has affected 11 per cent of global population that is (815 million people), in the year 2016. This is mentioned in the new edition of the annual United Nations report on world food security and nutrition. The report also underlines the multiple forms of malnutrition which are threatening the health of millions worldwide.
Year 2016, witness the rise in 38 million people, who are affected by hunger, than the previous year. The reason behind this is attributed to the proliferation of violent conflicts and climate-related shocks.
Through this report, a contradictory picture of malnutrition and the obesity has also come to surface. The report revealed that, around 155 million children under the age of five are stunted, means they are too short for their age.
According to this report, around 155 million children under the age of five are stunted (too short for their age), while 52 million suffer from wasting; meaning their weight is too low for their height. An estimated 41 million children are now overweight.
Anaemia amongst women and adult obesity are also worrisome. These trends are viewed as a consequence, not only of conflict and climate change, but also of sweeping changes in dietary habits and economic slowdowns.
Hunger and food security
Overall number of hungry people in the world: 815 million, including:
- In Asia: 520 million
- In Africa: 243 million
- In Latin America and the Caribbean: 42 million
Share of the global population who are hungry: 11%
- Asia: 11.7%
- Africa: 20% (in eastern Africa, 33.9%)
- Latin America and the Caribbean: 6.6%
Malnutrition in all its forms
- Number of children under 5 years of age who suffer from stunted growth (height too low for their age): 155 million
- Number of those living in countries affected by varying levels of conflict: 122 million
- Children under 5 affected by wasting (weight too low given their height): 52 million
- Number of adults who are obese: 641 million (13% of all adults on the planet)
- Children under 5 who are overweight: 41 million
- Number of women of reproductive age affected by anaemia: 613 million (around 33% of the total)
The impact of conflict
- Number of the 815 million hungry people on the planet who live in countries affected by conflict: 489 million
- The prevalence of hunger in countries affected by conflict is 1.4 to 4.4 percentage points higher than in other countries
- In conflict settings compounded by conditions of institutional and environmental fragility, the prevalence is 11 and 18 percentage points higher
- People living in countries affected by protracted crises are nearly 2.5 times more likely to be undernourished than people elsewhere