Frailty may reduce kidney failure patients’ chances of getting a transplant

According to researchers, frailty is associated with lower likelihoods of being placed on the kidney transplant waitlist and of receiving a transplant

Image source: Google
Image source: Google

To order to investigate whether frailty in patients with kidney failure may affect their likelihood of receiving a kidney transplant, Christine Haugen, MD (Johns Hopkins Hospital) and her colleagues studied 7,078 potential kidney transplant candidates from 2009 to 2017.

Patients were considered frail if they had 3 or more of the following components:

  • Unintentional weight loss
  • Decreased grip strength
  • Slowed walking speed
  • Low activity

Frail participants were 38% less likely to be listed for transplantation, as they had a nearly twofold increased risk of dying while on the transplant waitlist mortality, and underwent transplantation at a 35% lower rate than non-frail participants.

“Prehabilitation may be a useful tool to increase physiologic reserve and subsequently improve access to kidney transplantation among frail patients,” said Dr Haugen.

Source: Medical Xpress