Incidences of fatty liver disease on the rise due to unhealthy lifestyle of Mumbaikars

Fatty Liver Disease is an accumulation of fat in the liver. When the process of fat metabolism is disrupted, the fat can accumulate in the liver in excessive amounts, thus resulting in a fatty liver

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Fatty Liver disease is increasingly becoming a key reason for liver failure disease say experts. Unhealthy lifestyle and junk food are the biggest reason which leads to this situation in a metropolitan city like Mumbai.

“Obesity is the biggest cause of Fatty Liver Disease. This is especially true in urban cities like Mumbai. The most important causes being obesity, excessive junk food, lack of exercise, diabetes and high cholesterol among other lifestyle conditions,” said Dr Manish Motwani, bariatric surgeon at Aastha Health.

Offering further explanation about fatty liver and their causes he added, “Fatty Liver Disease is an accumulation of fat in the liver. When the process of fat metabolism is disrupted, the fat can accumulate in the liver in excessive amounts, thus resulting in a fatty liver”.

“Alcohol has always been considered the root cause of a Fatty Liver Disease, but even teetotallers who are overweight, with high abdominal obesity or waist circumference have been complaining of liver diseases and Fatty Liver Disease. It is shocking to note that while many believe that a fatty liver is related to alcohol consumption, 60% of cases are that of non-alcoholics,” added Motwani.

According to some experts, the incidence of liver diseases in non-alcoholics can turn into an epidemic in the years to come, if their improper lifestyle is not corrected. Furthermore, a rapid increase in the number of liver cancer patients is already being seen in urban cities, mostly due to lifestyle-related problems.

Showing an elevated concern about the current situation on increase in Fatty Liver Disease, due to unhealthy lifestyle Motwani advices the public to opt for a healthy way of life to control the situation.

“You are more likely to develop Fatty Liver Disease if you are obese or overweight, have type 2 diabetes (this causes an increased uptake of fat into the liver cells), high cholesterol or are over the age of 50 and if you are a heavy smoker,” pointed Motwani.

Dr Sanjay Borude, obesity surgeon at Breach Candy hospital, receives about 30 patients who are morbidly obese, with excessive body fat that increases their risk of liver problems. He also made a point why Fatty Liver Disease is the leading liver disease.

“Among the obese patients I see more than 90 per cent of obese patients will have grade one fatty liver, out of this 40 per cent will have grade two fatty liver and 10 per cent patients will have grade three fatty liver,” Borude said.

He further added, “Anything in excess even if it is a good thing it’s harmful. So, excessive junk food is of course bad for health. People should give preference to an adequate intake of calories, adequate exercise, and adequate physical and mental rest.”

According to health experts, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease can reach epidemic proportions in the years to come with improper lifestyles our youth is tempted to adopt today.

Dr Pravin Rathi, head of gastroenterology, BYL Nair hospital and Bombay hospital said: “Obesity is more dangerous than alcohol. Globalisation, westernisation has led to many people getting non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Since obesity and diabetes are correlated with fatty liver, there is an upward trend to the latter. NAFLD is mainly increasing due to wrong dietary habits and high intake of fats, carbohydrates and less consumption of proteins.”