It is crucial to understand the rising cause of obesity, and how important it is to get oneself checked in time to avoid increasing morbidity in the future. Obesity can be divided into three categories, i.e., overweight, obese, and morbid obesity.
As the number of overweight and obese Indians are surging, so are the numbers of those who are severely or morbidly obese. We all live in a society where physical appearance is more valued, and subsequently, many people who suffer from severe to morbid obesity, feel weakened or like a failure.
It further impacts one’s social environment, relationship with friends or loved ones, lowers self-esteem and affects ones overall personal and professional life.
We all come to a stage where a pair of pants or a dress suddenly feels too tight, climbing stairs, which was easy before, suddenly seems like a trek up a mountain.
One may feel tired, have a pain in the hip and back or may feel tired all the time during the day. As a growing health problem in the country, according to a study, about 15% of Indians, in 2015, were obese; the numbers showed an upward surge, primarily because of adoption of sedentary and unhealthy lifestyle.
Over the past few years, ‘thinness’ or ‘body perfection’ has evolved into a standard of beauty, which is considered as an achievement, a reward for maintaining a healthy diet and regular exercise.
However, such superficial beliefs lead to discrimination which creates heightened negativity in people’s mind who were obese or overweight. The health of a person cannot be measured or defined; therefore it cannot be explained by a person’s weight or appearance. Many people, who are thin, follow an unhealthy lifestyle, yet they don’t gain weight; it differs from person to person.
So, for people, who are obese or overweight, the first and foremost step is to positively alter their lifestyle, control diet, regular exercise and avoid stress. It is also vital, especially, for their family and friends, to avoid blaming them for being overweight or obese, instead support them in reducing weight.
Positivity and motivation from friends and family will go a long way in the pursuit of healthy body weight.
Today, the prevalence of obesity has substantially increased, and it is significantly important to raise awareness on this issue now before it is too late. There are several risk factors associated when a person is overweight or obese. Following are the risk factors that one must be aware of:
- Sleeping problems
- Heart-related diseases
- Increased blood pressure and cholesterol levels
- Gall Bladder disease
- Arthritis or problems related to joint pains
- Chances of developing Cancer
- Sexual health problems
- Psychological/ emotional stress
- Kidney and liver disease
- Developing asthma
- Menstrual problems
You should seek help from your physician and a certified nutritionist or dietician, who will guide you along the way to healthy weight loss. Achieving an ideal body weight is possible, and you can make it possible!
With inputs from Dr Sharad Sharma, a Laparoscopic and Bariatric Surgeon, Hiranandani Hospital, Vashi