As our family physician says obesity is considered to be the mother of all diseases. Day by day with changes in food habits, number of cases is increasing. This is the biggest cause of worry for the doctors around the world.
So, to discuss about this rising threat, India is all set to organise a first-of-its-kind international conference on ‘diabesity’. This forum will give health-care professionals related to obesity and metabolic disease from the entire world a platform to debate on diabesity.
Bariatric surgeons, physicians, dieticians, psychologists, physio-therapist across the world will participate in diabesity conference, which is set to take place in Goa in April.
“The International Federation for the Surgery of Obesity and Metabolic Disorders had decided to hold this conference in India, which is being organised by Obesity and Metabolic Surgery Society of India. This conference is supported by the association of surgeons of India, Indian Association of Gastrointestinal Endo Surgeons, and All Indian Association for Advancing Research in Obesity, Indian Dietetic Association, and yoga experts will also be taking part in the conference,” said Dr Jaysshree Todkkar, Organising Secretary of OSSICON 2017.
Todkkar said the idea of bringing all health-care professionals dealing with obesity and metabolic diseases on one platform, is to give optimum benefit to the patient.
“We need to work together in best of interest of patient. There is no competition, but we need to complement each other so that our patient gets benefitted,” said Todkkar.
With no uniformity in treating obesity, doctors participating in the conference likely to form certain guidelines, to standardise obesity treatment.
“It is important for every healthcare professional, dealing with obesity patients, to be on the same page. At the conference, we will have international and national experts treating obesity. We all will learn A to Z about obesity treatment, how to classify the disease as per the stages, how to provide treatment as per protocol in all stages of obesity. Emphasis will be on early detection, rightly diagnosing the stage of obesity disease and then treating it,” said Todkkar.
Todkkar further added, “Obesity is not just a disease but leads to lot of metabolic changes and worsens metabolic diseases. She said diabesity was selected as the theme of the conference because it is affecting the economy in Asia Pacific region.”
“Obesity has deep implications on several non-communicable diseases (NCD). A national survey has shown that 8.5 crore people are obese in India. More than 2.5 crore Indians are found to be severely obese along with it complications like stroke, heart ailment, kidney problem, knee or back pain, impotency to multi-organ failure etc,” said Todkkar.
Doctors say there are monogenic and polygenic obesities and many genes like leptin deficiency, leptin receptors have been implicated in obesity. Doctors say while around 65% of the obesity cases are due to bad lifestyle, the remaining percentage is because of genetic patterns or hormonal status. Obesity is diagnosed after taking in to account the height and weight of the person. If the BMI is 30 or more, s/he is classified as obese.
WHO fact sheet says
- Worldwide obesity has more than doubled since 1980.
- In 2014, more than 1.9 billion adults, 18 years and older, were overweight. Of these over 600 million were obese. 39% of adults aged 18 years and over were overweight in 2014, and 13% were obese.
- Most of the world’s population lives in countries where overweight and obesity kills more people than underweight.42 million children under the age of 5 were overweight or obese in 2013.
- Obesity is preventable.