Diabetes can be reversed with low calorie diet, says Lancet study

Low calorie diets to cut down weight is a commonly heard practice, however, following this could also help in reversing Type-2 diabetes, says a recent study that was published in the Lancet journal on December 05

Diabetes can be reversed with low calorie diet, says Lancet study

Following a strict low-calorie diet regime is known to have many health benefits apart from weight loss. Such diets basically mean consumption of very low food energy i.e. 800 calories or lower to be precise.

A study recently published in the Lancet journal shows that following such a diet could mean reversing the Type-2 diabetes.

The randomised study was done among 306 individuals who were kept on a low calorie diet for a year and had lost an average of 10 kg, of these, nearly half of them reversed to a non-diabetic state without the intervention of any diabetes medications.

The study stated, ‘an extreme low calorie diet leads to an average weight loss of 10 kilos and also helps in reversing Type-2 diabetes.’

In India, close to 70 million adults have diabetes. Apart from these, a 10.2 per cent population also suffer from glucose intolerance. Evidence also suggests that South Asians develop diabetes a decade earlier than Caucasians at a lower weight.

Indian experts say that it all depends on the food they eat even in the low calorie diet. “The report is indeed, an informative one. Of course, it depends from individual to individual and what they choose to eat. Any food with low glycaemic index must be followed. Low calorie diet will help in controlling post glandular glucose level in the body which, in turn will control the Type-2 index. People should opt for oats, porridge, sprouts, hummus bread etc.,” said Dr Ankita Ghag, Clinical Nutritionist, Vacchan Aarogya and Diabetes Care 365.

Bariatric surgery is also touted as a one stop solution for curing type 2 diabetes. “Honestly, bariatric surgery is a long-term cure for type 2 diabetes. We have enough evidence to prove that about 60 to 70 per cent of people who undergo bariatric will go off type 2 diabetes medication,” said Dr Ramen Goel, senior Bariatric Surgeon, Director, Centre of Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery, Wockhardt Hospitals.

“The very low calorie diet if supervised and balanced which includes protein as an important constituent definitely controls diabetic status. However, if unsupervised and casual attempts are made at weight loss it often lead to more weight gain. This phenomenon is referred to as Yo – Yo dieting effect. It basically means that a failed weight loss attempt will be a cause of greater weight gain. In simpler terms, one regains more kilograms of weight after every failed weight loss attempt. Weight regain after failed attempt will also negatively effect the diabetic status.”
Dr Pradip Chowbey, Max Institute of Minimal Access, Bariatric surgeon.